The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Petrie, James en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Hwang, Gerard en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-28T14:38:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-28T14:38:02Z
dc.date.issued 1993 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Hwang, G. 1993. The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18296
dc.description.abstract With the object of greater energy efficiency, a role has been identified for a facility capable of the simultaneous removal of NOx, SO₂ and particulates from flue gas at high temperature. This project forms the initial phase of the development of such a high temperature flue gas cleaning facility and is limited to the study of catalytic NOx reduction over aluminosilicates. A copper ion-exchanged zeolite (Cu-ZSM-5) and copper oxide were studied as catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide in the temperature range 250-530⁰ C. Ammonia was employed as the reducing agent. The intention of this investigation was to work towards an examination of the potential for obtaining an active SCR catalyst by doping amorphous aluminosilicate fibres (which are used as high temperature particulate filters), with copper. The direct decomposition of nitric oxide over Cu-ZSM-5 was investigated in order to validate the experimental rig and procedures by duplicating published results. An activation energy of 29 kcal/mol was determined and a reaction order with respect to nitric oxide of 1.2 was obtained at 500⁰ C. Both values compare well with published data. Cu-ZSM-5, CuO supported on silicalite and CuO physically blended with the fibrous aluminosilicate were investigated as SCR catalysts. It was found that: The rate of the SCR reaction was three orders of magnitude higher than the rate of the direct decomposition reaction over Cu-ZSM-5. CuO supported on silicalite yielded higher reaction rates than unsupported CuO and the rates of the former approached those for the reaction over Cu-ZSM-5. An activation energy of 14 kcal/mol was obtained for the SCR reaction over Cu-ZSM-5 and a value of 9 kcal/mol was obtained for reaction over CuO (supported and unsupported). The ability of supported CuO to catalyse the SCR reaction at a rate comparable to that found with Cu-ZSM-5 suggests that the use of CuO should be investigated further, both in its own right as a NOx reducing catalyst since little has been published in this regard, and as a simultaneous NOx/SO₂ removal sorbent/catalyst. The intrinsic catalytic activity of copper oxide and the success with which it has been dispersed/supported on the porous silicalite structure, suggests that a suitably active SCR catalyst form may be obtained if a high dispersion of copper oxide may be achieved on the non-porous aluminosilicate fibres. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.title The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Hwang, G. (1993). <i>The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18296 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Hwang, Gerard. <i>"The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 1993. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18296 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Hwang G. The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 1993 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18296 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Hwang, Gerard AB - With the object of greater energy efficiency, a role has been identified for a facility capable of the simultaneous removal of NOx, SO₂ and particulates from flue gas at high temperature. This project forms the initial phase of the development of such a high temperature flue gas cleaning facility and is limited to the study of catalytic NOx reduction over aluminosilicates. A copper ion-exchanged zeolite (Cu-ZSM-5) and copper oxide were studied as catalysts for the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide in the temperature range 250-530⁰ C. Ammonia was employed as the reducing agent. The intention of this investigation was to work towards an examination of the potential for obtaining an active SCR catalyst by doping amorphous aluminosilicate fibres (which are used as high temperature particulate filters), with copper. The direct decomposition of nitric oxide over Cu-ZSM-5 was investigated in order to validate the experimental rig and procedures by duplicating published results. An activation energy of 29 kcal/mol was determined and a reaction order with respect to nitric oxide of 1.2 was obtained at 500⁰ C. Both values compare well with published data. Cu-ZSM-5, CuO supported on silicalite and CuO physically blended with the fibrous aluminosilicate were investigated as SCR catalysts. It was found that: The rate of the SCR reaction was three orders of magnitude higher than the rate of the direct decomposition reaction over Cu-ZSM-5. CuO supported on silicalite yielded higher reaction rates than unsupported CuO and the rates of the former approached those for the reaction over Cu-ZSM-5. An activation energy of 14 kcal/mol was obtained for the SCR reaction over Cu-ZSM-5 and a value of 9 kcal/mol was obtained for reaction over CuO (supported and unsupported). The ability of supported CuO to catalyse the SCR reaction at a rate comparable to that found with Cu-ZSM-5 suggests that the use of CuO should be investigated further, both in its own right as a NOx reducing catalyst since little has been published in this regard, and as a simultaneous NOx/SO₂ removal sorbent/catalyst. The intrinsic catalytic activity of copper oxide and the success with which it has been dispersed/supported on the porous silicalite structure, suggests that a suitably active SCR catalyst form may be obtained if a high dispersion of copper oxide may be achieved on the non-porous aluminosilicate fibres. DA - 1993 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1993 T1 - The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates TI - The catalytic reduction of nitric oxide over copper doped aluminosilicates UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18296 ER - en_ZA


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