Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Gade, Gerd en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Auerswald, Lutz en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-21T19:24:16Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-21T19:24:16Z
dc.date.issued 1997 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Auerswald, L. 1997. Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18108
dc.description Bibliography: p. 131-143. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Isolated flight muscle mitochondria of Pachnoda sinuata, Decapotoma lunata, Trichostetha fascicularis, Lepithrix sp. and Camenta innocua prefer the oxidation of proline, pyruvate and α- glycerophosphate, while those of Locusta migratoria prefer the oxidation of palmitoyl-carnitine,pyruvate and α-glycerophosphate. Palmitoyl-carnitine cannot be oxidised directly by P. sinuata flight muscle mitochondria, while proline is oxidised at low rates in locust mitochondria. At low concentrations of proline, the respiration rate during co-oxidation of proline and pyruvate is additive, while at high proline concentrations it is equal to the respiration rates of sole proline oxidation. Flight muscles of P. sinuata and D. lunata were found to have high activities of the enzymes alanine aminotransferase and NAD-dependent malic enzyme which are involved in proline metabolism, while the activities of these enzymes were lower in locust flight muscles. The activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, an enzyme used in fatty acid oxidation, is low in the flight muscles of P. sinuata and D. lunata, but high in locust flight muscles. Enzymes involved In carbohydrate breakdown (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphatedehydrogenase, glycogen phosphorylase) were found to have high activities in flight muscles of P. sinuata, D. lunata and L. migratoria. Two methods of tethered flight were investigated. One of these allowed the animals to produce lift. During lift generating flight, proline concentrations in haemolymph and flight muscles of P. sinuata decrease sharply with concomitant increases in alanine concentrations. During recovery after flight, proline concentrations increase while concentrations of alanine decrease. Haemolymph carbohydrate concentrations increase during the first seconds off light but decline consistently thereafter. During a subsequent rest period concentrations again increase. Glycogen concentration in the flight muscles decrease sharply in the first few seconds of flight, gradually declining thereafter. During subsequent recovery, flight muscle glycogen concentrations increase. Lipid haemolymph concentration increase only slightly during flight and rest thereafter. Two distinct metabolic phases were observed during lift generating flight. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Zoology en_ZA
dc.title Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Auerswald, L. (1997). <i>Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18108 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Auerswald, Lutz. <i>"Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1997. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18108 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Auerswald L. Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 1997 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18108 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Auerswald, Lutz AB - Isolated flight muscle mitochondria of Pachnoda sinuata, Decapotoma lunata, Trichostetha fascicularis, Lepithrix sp. and Camenta innocua prefer the oxidation of proline, pyruvate and α- glycerophosphate, while those of Locusta migratoria prefer the oxidation of palmitoyl-carnitine,pyruvate and α-glycerophosphate. Palmitoyl-carnitine cannot be oxidised directly by P. sinuata flight muscle mitochondria, while proline is oxidised at low rates in locust mitochondria. At low concentrations of proline, the respiration rate during co-oxidation of proline and pyruvate is additive, while at high proline concentrations it is equal to the respiration rates of sole proline oxidation. Flight muscles of P. sinuata and D. lunata were found to have high activities of the enzymes alanine aminotransferase and NAD-dependent malic enzyme which are involved in proline metabolism, while the activities of these enzymes were lower in locust flight muscles. The activity of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, an enzyme used in fatty acid oxidation, is low in the flight muscles of P. sinuata and D. lunata, but high in locust flight muscles. Enzymes involved In carbohydrate breakdown (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphatedehydrogenase, glycogen phosphorylase) were found to have high activities in flight muscles of P. sinuata, D. lunata and L. migratoria. Two methods of tethered flight were investigated. One of these allowed the animals to produce lift. During lift generating flight, proline concentrations in haemolymph and flight muscles of P. sinuata decrease sharply with concomitant increases in alanine concentrations. During recovery after flight, proline concentrations increase while concentrations of alanine decrease. Haemolymph carbohydrate concentrations increase during the first seconds off light but decline consistently thereafter. During a subsequent rest period concentrations again increase. Glycogen concentration in the flight muscles decrease sharply in the first few seconds of flight, gradually declining thereafter. During subsequent recovery, flight muscle glycogen concentrations increase. Lipid haemolymph concentration increase only slightly during flight and rest thereafter. Two distinct metabolic phases were observed during lift generating flight. DA - 1997 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1997 T1 - Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism TI - Fuels for flight in the fruit beetle,Pachnoda Sinuata, and control of flight metabolism UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/18108 ER - en_ZA


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