Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Rosenthal, Gerald N en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Troost, Jan J en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-11T14:25:15Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-11T14:25:15Z
dc.date.issued 1987 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Troost, J. 1987. Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17651
dc.description Includes bibliography. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The thesis consists of a literature review and a limited experimental investigation in a soils laboratory. The objective of the literature review is to determine what standard laboratory test methods based on vibration exist for the control of compaction, to what soil types these tests are applicable and what the factors are which affect laboratory vibratory compaction. The study revealed that extensive research has been carried out in the USA and Europe, where standard laboratory compaction tests exist for the determination of the maximum dry density of cohesionless, free-draining soil. The US methods are based on the use of a vibratory table, while the European practice is based on the use of a vibratory tamper. No standard tests appear to exist for soil exhibiting cohesion, though limited research has been carried out in the USA into the behaviour of such soils under laboratory vibratory compaction. The factors; frequency, amplitude, mould size and shape surcharge intensity and manner of application, soil type, time of vibration, number of layers and moisture content are all reported to have an effect on the maximum dry density achievable. It has been recognised that significant interaction occurs between the factors affecting vibratory compaction, but the extent of the interaction appears to be only partly understood. The objective of the limited experimental program was to determine whether a specific graded crushed stone could be compacted to Modified AASHTO maximum dry density with a laboratory vibratory compaction technique using a vibratory table, and how this could best be achieved. The effects on dry density of changing the frequency, the time of vibration, mould size, surcharge pressure, grading and moisture content were investigated. It is concluded that the graded crushed stone in question can be compacted to Mod. AASHTO maximum dry density but that before reliable reproducible results can be achieved with this type of test further work is necessary. Such research should be aimed at investigating the interaction effect between the amplitude of vibration, the soil type and the type and intensity of the applied surcharge pressure. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Soil stabilization - Testing en_ZA
dc.subject.other Soils - Vibration en_ZA
dc.subject.other Vibratory compacting - Testing en_ZA
dc.title Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Civil Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Eng) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Troost, J. J. (1987). <i>Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17651 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Troost, Jan J. <i>"Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering, 1987. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17651 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Troost JJ. Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Civil Engineering, 1987 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17651 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Troost, Jan J AB - The thesis consists of a literature review and a limited experimental investigation in a soils laboratory. The objective of the literature review is to determine what standard laboratory test methods based on vibration exist for the control of compaction, to what soil types these tests are applicable and what the factors are which affect laboratory vibratory compaction. The study revealed that extensive research has been carried out in the USA and Europe, where standard laboratory compaction tests exist for the determination of the maximum dry density of cohesionless, free-draining soil. The US methods are based on the use of a vibratory table, while the European practice is based on the use of a vibratory tamper. No standard tests appear to exist for soil exhibiting cohesion, though limited research has been carried out in the USA into the behaviour of such soils under laboratory vibratory compaction. The factors; frequency, amplitude, mould size and shape surcharge intensity and manner of application, soil type, time of vibration, number of layers and moisture content are all reported to have an effect on the maximum dry density achievable. It has been recognised that significant interaction occurs between the factors affecting vibratory compaction, but the extent of the interaction appears to be only partly understood. The objective of the limited experimental program was to determine whether a specific graded crushed stone could be compacted to Modified AASHTO maximum dry density with a laboratory vibratory compaction technique using a vibratory table, and how this could best be achieved. The effects on dry density of changing the frequency, the time of vibration, mould size, surcharge pressure, grading and moisture content were investigated. It is concluded that the graded crushed stone in question can be compacted to Mod. AASHTO maximum dry density but that before reliable reproducible results can be achieved with this type of test further work is necessary. Such research should be aimed at investigating the interaction effect between the amplitude of vibration, the soil type and the type and intensity of the applied surcharge pressure. DA - 1987 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1987 T1 - Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction TI - Factors influencing laboratory vibratory compaction UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17651 ER - en_ZA


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