Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Helm, Brunhilde en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Rowland, William Peter en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-09T09:04:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-09T09:04:34Z
dc.date.issued 1984 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Rowland, W. 1984. Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17596
dc.description.abstract This work contains a phenomenological analysis of blindness, providing a basis for the evaluation of rehabilitation practice in South Africa and the formulation of future objectives in the field. Stereotypes of blindness associated with the perspectives of consumerism, scientific research, and social casework are analysed. Theories of blindness proposed by Braverman, Carroll, Monbeck, Foulke, Jernigan, and Scott are critically examined. The findings give substance to the claim that professional workers with the blind are guided in their attitudes and actions by images and meanings originating from these sources. All such preconceptions are rejected in favour of a description of blindness in terms of actual experience. An in-depth study of experience reveals how the nature of perception determines the blind person's relationship with the physical environment, with other people, and with the welfare system. In each sphere limitations arise which are overcome by specific responses and appropriate techniques. These observations lead to the formulation of a set of basic principles of rehabilitation, stressing the importance of individualization, self-reliance, assertiveness, versatility, and a personal interpretation of blindness. The relevance of traditional modalities is explained, while the need to expand rehabilitation teaching to include assertive skills training and various types of vocational instruction is emphasized. Current rehabilitation practice in South Africa is evaluated, comparisons being drawn with programmes offered by Beit Halochem in Tel Aviv, Arkansas Enterprises for the Blind, and the Center for Independent Living of the New York Infirmary. South African training is characterized as fostering the independence of the individual. Negative features are the lack of an effective delivery system and failure to meet the priority needs of certain groups. This prepares the way for a case study in which the redevelopment of rehabilitation services for the blind in South Africa .is discussed, beginning with the establishment of a new national rehabilitation centre. Amongst other matters, the study deals with negotiations to circumvent restrictive legislation, funding through a system of corporate sponsorship, and purposeful architectural design. The rehabilitation centre is viewed as the first component of a broader strategy to provide rehabilitation training to all blind people in South Africa, incorporating national, urban, rural, and specialized services. The successful implementation of any action plan will require the participation of blind people themselves by way of a disability rights movement. Finally, attention is focused on the effect of South African racial policies on welfare work. The principle of equal opportunity cannot be practised under present legislation. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Social Work en_ZA
dc.subject.other Blindness en_ZA
dc.subject.other rehabilitation services for the blind en_ZA
dc.title Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Social Development en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Rowland, W. P. (1984). <i>Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Social Development. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17596 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Rowland, William Peter. <i>"Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Social Development, 1984. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17596 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Rowland WP. Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Social Development, 1984 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17596 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Rowland, William Peter AB - This work contains a phenomenological analysis of blindness, providing a basis for the evaluation of rehabilitation practice in South Africa and the formulation of future objectives in the field. Stereotypes of blindness associated with the perspectives of consumerism, scientific research, and social casework are analysed. Theories of blindness proposed by Braverman, Carroll, Monbeck, Foulke, Jernigan, and Scott are critically examined. The findings give substance to the claim that professional workers with the blind are guided in their attitudes and actions by images and meanings originating from these sources. All such preconceptions are rejected in favour of a description of blindness in terms of actual experience. An in-depth study of experience reveals how the nature of perception determines the blind person's relationship with the physical environment, with other people, and with the welfare system. In each sphere limitations arise which are overcome by specific responses and appropriate techniques. These observations lead to the formulation of a set of basic principles of rehabilitation, stressing the importance of individualization, self-reliance, assertiveness, versatility, and a personal interpretation of blindness. The relevance of traditional modalities is explained, while the need to expand rehabilitation teaching to include assertive skills training and various types of vocational instruction is emphasized. Current rehabilitation practice in South Africa is evaluated, comparisons being drawn with programmes offered by Beit Halochem in Tel Aviv, Arkansas Enterprises for the Blind, and the Center for Independent Living of the New York Infirmary. South African training is characterized as fostering the independence of the individual. Negative features are the lack of an effective delivery system and failure to meet the priority needs of certain groups. This prepares the way for a case study in which the redevelopment of rehabilitation services for the blind in South Africa .is discussed, beginning with the establishment of a new national rehabilitation centre. Amongst other matters, the study deals with negotiations to circumvent restrictive legislation, funding through a system of corporate sponsorship, and purposeful architectural design. The rehabilitation centre is viewed as the first component of a broader strategy to provide rehabilitation training to all blind people in South Africa, incorporating national, urban, rural, and specialized services. The successful implementation of any action plan will require the participation of blind people themselves by way of a disability rights movement. Finally, attention is focused on the effect of South African racial policies on welfare work. The principle of equal opportunity cannot be practised under present legislation. DA - 1984 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1984 T1 - Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation TI - Being-blind-in-the-world: a phenomenological analysis of blindness and a formulation of new objectives in rehabilitation UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17596 ER - en_ZA


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