A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Skotnes, Pippa en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Clark-Brown, Peter Gabriel en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-04T16:49:05Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-04T16:49:05Z
dc.date.issued 1995 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Clark-Brown, P. 1995. A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17494
dc.description Bibliography: pages 37-38. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract The work undertaken for my Masters degree seeks to address some of the prejudice experienced by disabled people. Society's concept of a normal body prescribes unattainable standards for people with disabilities, thereby isolating and marginalising them. Instead of accommodating these physical differences, society encourages disabled people to withdraw from society or to try to conform to able-bodied ideals and to appear 'as normal as possible'. The very physical presence of disabled people challenges these assumptions of normality. Therefore, attempts are made to cosmetically hide the offending part or exclude the person from society (e.g. a hollow shirt sleeve or 'special' school). When individuals fail to conform to the prescribed standards of normality, they face the stigma of being viewed as pitifully inferior and dependent upon their able-bodied counterparts. In this way disabled people do not 'suffer' so much from their condition, as from the oppression of able-bodied biases. Through different eyes, society could be seen as handicapped as a result of its inability to adapt to, or deal with difference. In reality, however, disabilities are experienced by many people and can range from those which are physically visible and easily identified to those less obvious, but often more debilitating such as abrasive, socially aggressive personalities or learning disabilities. It is possible, therefore, to extend the understanding of the term disability to any physical or emotional impairment that limits a person's functioning within a so-called normal society. Although many people and organisations have searched for less pejorative or negative terms to describe an impairment such as 'Very Special', 'people with abilities' or 'physically challenged', these attempts have failed to reverse prejudice. Instead, these descriptions have only re-described the emphasis on 'otherness' and 'difference'. In addition, these replaced descriptions are again associated with the same stigmas that they were intentionally designed to avoid. In the following discussion I have consciously used the word disabled or disability to refer to individuals with various disabilities which I have nevertheless defined as socially constructed. In doing so I am suggesting no pejorative associations. Through this project I wanted to explore notions of disability within various debates associated with disability and society. I have done this in the context of my own experience of disability, and my own attempts to come to terms with disability. In this sense this project represents a personal journey. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Art, South African - 20th century en_ZA
dc.subject.other People with disabilities and the arts en_ZA
dc.title A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Michaelis School of Fine Art en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MFA en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Clark-Brown, P. G. (1995). <i>A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Michaelis School of Fine Art. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17494 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Clark-Brown, Peter Gabriel. <i>"A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Michaelis School of Fine Art, 1995. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17494 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Clark-Brown PG. A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Michaelis School of Fine Art, 1995 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17494 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Clark-Brown, Peter Gabriel AB - The work undertaken for my Masters degree seeks to address some of the prejudice experienced by disabled people. Society's concept of a normal body prescribes unattainable standards for people with disabilities, thereby isolating and marginalising them. Instead of accommodating these physical differences, society encourages disabled people to withdraw from society or to try to conform to able-bodied ideals and to appear 'as normal as possible'. The very physical presence of disabled people challenges these assumptions of normality. Therefore, attempts are made to cosmetically hide the offending part or exclude the person from society (e.g. a hollow shirt sleeve or 'special' school). When individuals fail to conform to the prescribed standards of normality, they face the stigma of being viewed as pitifully inferior and dependent upon their able-bodied counterparts. In this way disabled people do not 'suffer' so much from their condition, as from the oppression of able-bodied biases. Through different eyes, society could be seen as handicapped as a result of its inability to adapt to, or deal with difference. In reality, however, disabilities are experienced by many people and can range from those which are physically visible and easily identified to those less obvious, but often more debilitating such as abrasive, socially aggressive personalities or learning disabilities. It is possible, therefore, to extend the understanding of the term disability to any physical or emotional impairment that limits a person's functioning within a so-called normal society. Although many people and organisations have searched for less pejorative or negative terms to describe an impairment such as 'Very Special', 'people with abilities' or 'physically challenged', these attempts have failed to reverse prejudice. Instead, these descriptions have only re-described the emphasis on 'otherness' and 'difference'. In addition, these replaced descriptions are again associated with the same stigmas that they were intentionally designed to avoid. In the following discussion I have consciously used the word disabled or disability to refer to individuals with various disabilities which I have nevertheless defined as socially constructed. In doing so I am suggesting no pejorative associations. Through this project I wanted to explore notions of disability within various debates associated with disability and society. I have done this in the context of my own experience of disability, and my own attempts to come to terms with disability. In this sense this project represents a personal journey. DA - 1995 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1995 T1 - A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability TI - A graphic interpretation of some social constructions of disability UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17494 ER - en_ZA


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