CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all

 

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dc.contributor.author Winkler, Harald
dc.contributor.author Rajamani, Lavanya
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-18T07:34:13Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-18T07:34:13Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2013.791184
dc.identifier.citation Winkler, H., & Rajamani, L. (2014). CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all. Climate Policy, 14(1), 102-121. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1469-3062 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17096
dc.description.abstract The principle of common, but differentiated, responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR&RC) is fundamental to the UNFCCC. Some options for a nuanced model of differentiation that addresses both responsibility and capability in a changing world are explored, such as new categories of countries, and some of the political issues that such a model might face are considered. The strengths and limitations of options for graduation based on ‘objective’ criteria such that countries could move between categories or ‘graduate’ – an option provided by the UNFCCC – are discussed. Countries could also choose to join another club (e.g. the G20), self-elect into categories or differentiate among themselves implicitly by accepting different commitments and actions. CBDR&RC will form part of the overall legally binding agreement, and must apply symmetry in some respects and differentiation in others to the commitments and actions contained therein. Some possible characteristics of CBDR&RC of relevance in a regime ‘applicable to all’ are outlined. These include promoting climate action and using mechanisms available in the UNFCCC to instil dynamism. Differentiation on mitigation must consider the distinctions between absolute and relative reductions, as well as commitments to outcomes and implementation. CBDR&RC should be applied to mitigation, adaptation, and the means of implementation. Policy relevance: In Durban, Parties agreed to negotiate a regime ‘applicable to all’, which sent a political signal that there should be greater symmetry between nations. The world has changed since the UNFCCC was negotiated in 1992. It is now less helpful to think only in terms of two groups of countries (e.g. Annex I and non-Annex I), and evident that there are significant differences between member states. This requires a more nuanced interpretation of the principles of equity and CBDR&RC, which is an integral part of the UNFCCC. The options for the different approaches outlined in this article might help in the construction of a more nuanced model. All must do more, while some must do more still than others. To achieve this, some defining characteristics of CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all are suggested. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Taylor and Francis en_ZA
dc.source Climate Policy en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tcpo20/current
dc.title CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-02-16T11:20:33Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords capability en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords CBDR&RC en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords differentiation en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords Durban Platform en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords equity en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords responsibility en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Energy Research Centre en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Winkler, H., & Rajamani, L. (2014). CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all. <i>Climate Policy</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17096 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Winkler, Harald, and Lavanya Rajamani "CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all." <i>Climate Policy</i> (2014) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17096 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Winkler H, Rajamani L. CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all. Climate Policy. 2014; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17096. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Winkler, Harald AU - Rajamani, Lavanya AB - The principle of common, but differentiated, responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR&RC) is fundamental to the UNFCCC. Some options for a nuanced model of differentiation that addresses both responsibility and capability in a changing world are explored, such as new categories of countries, and some of the political issues that such a model might face are considered. The strengths and limitations of options for graduation based on ‘objective’ criteria such that countries could move between categories or ‘graduate’ – an option provided by the UNFCCC – are discussed. Countries could also choose to join another club (e.g. the G20), self-elect into categories or differentiate among themselves implicitly by accepting different commitments and actions. CBDR&RC will form part of the overall legally binding agreement, and must apply symmetry in some respects and differentiation in others to the commitments and actions contained therein. Some possible characteristics of CBDR&RC of relevance in a regime ‘applicable to all’ are outlined. These include promoting climate action and using mechanisms available in the UNFCCC to instil dynamism. Differentiation on mitigation must consider the distinctions between absolute and relative reductions, as well as commitments to outcomes and implementation. CBDR&RC should be applied to mitigation, adaptation, and the means of implementation. Policy relevance: In Durban, Parties agreed to negotiate a regime ‘applicable to all’, which sent a political signal that there should be greater symmetry between nations. The world has changed since the UNFCCC was negotiated in 1992. It is now less helpful to think only in terms of two groups of countries (e.g. Annex I and non-Annex I), and evident that there are significant differences between member states. This requires a more nuanced interpretation of the principles of equity and CBDR&RC, which is an integral part of the UNFCCC. The options for the different approaches outlined in this article might help in the construction of a more nuanced model. All must do more, while some must do more still than others. To achieve this, some defining characteristics of CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all are suggested. DA - 2014 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - Climate Policy LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2014 SM - 1469-3062 T1 - CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all TI - CBDR&RC in a regime applicable to all UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17096 ER - en_ZA


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