Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.author Winkler, Harald
dc.contributor.author Marquard, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-09T07:18:23Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-09T07:18:23Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Winkler, H. & Marquard, A. (2009) Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa. Climate and Development 1:47–65. en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn 1756-5529 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16928
dc.description.abstract Climate change mitigation poses significant challenges for South Africa and its energy development, historically highly energy intensive. At the same time, the country faces a host of daunting development challenges, exacerbated by the legacy of apartheid. Examining both challenges, this paper considers how alternative conceptions of a development path can be achieved. In the short term, energy efficiency provides large potential for mitigation – and energy savings at the same time. Changing South Africa’s fuel mix, dependent to three-quarters on coal, is at least a medium-term challenge. The minerals–energy complex is so central to the economy that it is likely to take decades to change dramatically. The most transformative change is to an alteration in economic structure, likely to take long to achieve. The article examines specific policy instruments that might be implemented to achieve such a transformation. A transition to a low-carbon economy will require a paradigm shift in industrial policy. It will require considered provision for sectors sensitive to changes in energy prices. Building up new, climate-friendly industries will be needed to sustain employment and investment. To enable a just transition, provision will have to be made for emissions-intensive sectors, if they are to be phased out over time. South African government has adopted a vision, strategic direction and framework for climate policy. Policymakers have begun to understand that the future will be carbon constrained and that South Africa’s emission will have to stop growing, stabilize and decline before mid-century. The challenge of climate change is a long-term challenge, requiring immediate action. This article examines actions at near-, medium- and long-term timescales. Its focus is on the most transformative change, that of seeking to shift development paths. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis en_ZA
dc.source Climate and Development en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/tcld20/current#.VrmTEhh97cs
dc.subject.other Climatic changes
dc.subject.other Greenhouse gas mitigation
dc.title Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-02-03T09:36:08Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords climate change mitigation en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords development en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords industrial policy en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords south africa en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Energy Research Centre en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Winkler, H., & Marquard, A. (2009). Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa. <i>Climate and Development</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16928 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Winkler, Harald, and Andrew Marquard "Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa." <i>Climate and Development</i> (2009) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16928 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Winkler H, Marquard A. Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa. Climate and Development. 2009; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16928. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Winkler, Harald AU - Marquard, Andrew AB - Climate change mitigation poses significant challenges for South Africa and its energy development, historically highly energy intensive. At the same time, the country faces a host of daunting development challenges, exacerbated by the legacy of apartheid. Examining both challenges, this paper considers how alternative conceptions of a development path can be achieved. In the short term, energy efficiency provides large potential for mitigation – and energy savings at the same time. Changing South Africa’s fuel mix, dependent to three-quarters on coal, is at least a medium-term challenge. The minerals–energy complex is so central to the economy that it is likely to take decades to change dramatically. The most transformative change is to an alteration in economic structure, likely to take long to achieve. The article examines specific policy instruments that might be implemented to achieve such a transformation. A transition to a low-carbon economy will require a paradigm shift in industrial policy. It will require considered provision for sectors sensitive to changes in energy prices. Building up new, climate-friendly industries will be needed to sustain employment and investment. To enable a just transition, provision will have to be made for emissions-intensive sectors, if they are to be phased out over time. South African government has adopted a vision, strategic direction and framework for climate policy. Policymakers have begun to understand that the future will be carbon constrained and that South Africa’s emission will have to stop growing, stabilize and decline before mid-century. The challenge of climate change is a long-term challenge, requiring immediate action. This article examines actions at near-, medium- and long-term timescales. Its focus is on the most transformative change, that of seeking to shift development paths. DA - 2009 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - Climate and Development LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2009 SM - 1756-5529 T1 - Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa TI - Changing development paths: from an energy-intensive to low-carbon economy in South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16928 ER - en_ZA


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