Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives

 

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dc.contributor.author Willmers, Michele
dc.contributor.author van Schalkwyk, Francois
dc.contributor.author Schonwetter, Tobias
dc.coverage.spatial Kenya en_ZA
dc.coverage.spatial South Africa en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-29T14:17:18Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-29T14:17:18Z
dc.date.issued 2015-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Willmers, M., van Schalkwyk, F. & Schonwetter, T. (2015). Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives. The African Journal of Information and Communication, 16(1): 26-37 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16612
dc.description.abstract Open data practice is gaining momentum in the public sector and civil society as an important mechanism for sharing information, aiding transparency, and promoting socio-economic development. Within this context, licensing is a key legal mechanism that enables re-use without sanction. However, there is evidence of a “licensing deficit” and this raises questions regarding best practice and sustainability in emerging African open data initiatives, particularly in the context of intermediaries being encouraged to exploit shared data for economic and social benefit. This article asks two main questions: (1) What is the current state of open licensing in two African open data initiatives; and (2) to what degree is it appropriate to focus on licensing as a key indicator of openness? Utilising a case study approach, the research explored licensing dynamics in the Kenya Open Data and the City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives, examining the contexts in which these initiatives were established and their resulting licensing frameworks. The cases reveal evidence of strategic engagement with content licensing, driven largely by the need for legal protection, adherence to international best practice and attraction of the user base required in order to ensure sustainability. The application of licensing systems in both contexts does, however, suggest an emerging system in which data providers are “learning by doing” and evolving their licensing practice as portals and their associated policy frameworks mature. The paper discusses the value of open data licensing as an indicator of organisational change and concomitant importance of taking into consideration the institutional dynamics when evaluating the organisational licensing frameworks of city, national and other governments. en_ZA
dc.language eng en_ZA
dc.publisher The African Journal of Information and Communication en_ZA
dc.rights Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en_ZA
dc.source The African Journal of Information and Communication en_ZA
dc.source.uri https://www.wits.ac.za/linkcentre/ajic/
dc.title Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords open data en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords kenya en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords developing countries en_ZA
uct.subject.keywords open licensing en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Law en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Intellectual Property Research Unit en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Willmers, M., van Schalkwyk, F., & Schonwetter, T. (2015). Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives. <i>The African Journal of Information and Communication</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16612 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Willmers, Michele, Francois van Schalkwyk, and Tobias Schonwetter "Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives." <i>The African Journal of Information and Communication</i> (2015) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16612 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Willmers M, van Schalkwyk F, Schonwetter T. Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives. The African Journal of Information and Communication. 2015; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16612. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Willmers, Michele AU - van Schalkwyk, Francois AU - Schonwetter, Tobias AB - Open data practice is gaining momentum in the public sector and civil society as an important mechanism for sharing information, aiding transparency, and promoting socio-economic development. Within this context, licensing is a key legal mechanism that enables re-use without sanction. However, there is evidence of a “licensing deficit” and this raises questions regarding best practice and sustainability in emerging African open data initiatives, particularly in the context of intermediaries being encouraged to exploit shared data for economic and social benefit. This article asks two main questions: (1) What is the current state of open licensing in two African open data initiatives; and (2) to what degree is it appropriate to focus on licensing as a key indicator of openness? Utilising a case study approach, the research explored licensing dynamics in the Kenya Open Data and the City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives, examining the contexts in which these initiatives were established and their resulting licensing frameworks. The cases reveal evidence of strategic engagement with content licensing, driven largely by the need for legal protection, adherence to international best practice and attraction of the user base required in order to ensure sustainability. The application of licensing systems in both contexts does, however, suggest an emerging system in which data providers are “learning by doing” and evolving their licensing practice as portals and their associated policy frameworks mature. The paper discusses the value of open data licensing as an indicator of organisational change and concomitant importance of taking into consideration the institutional dynamics when evaluating the organisational licensing frameworks of city, national and other governments. DA - 2015-12-01 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town J1 - The African Journal of Information and Communication LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives TI - Licensing Open Data in developing countries: the case of the Kenyan and City of Cape Town Open Data initiatives UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16612 ER - en_ZA


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)