Occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) against Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in a Health District in Cameroon: Assessment of the Knowledge and Practices of Nurses

 

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dc.contributor.author Aminde, Leopold Ndemnge en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Takah, Noah Fongwen en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Dzudie, Anastase en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Bonko, Neville Mengnjo en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Awungafac, George en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Teno, Divine en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Mbuagbaw, Lawrence en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Sliwa, Karen en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-11T06:56:10Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-11T06:56:10Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Aminde, L. N., Takah, N. F., Dzudie, A., Bonko, N. M., Awungafac, G., & Teno, D. (2015). Occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) against Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in a Health District in Cameroon: Assessment of the Knowledge and Practices of Nurses. PLoS ONE, 10(4), e0124416. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124416 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16305
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124416
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Health care providers are at risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection from occupational exposure, with nurses being the most vulnerable. There is no data on the awareness of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) among nurses in Cameroon. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, practices of nurses regarding PEP for HIV and their determinants in Cameroon. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between April and July 2013, and involved 80 nurses in a rural health district in the North West Region of Cameroon. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analysed using the SPSS software version 20. RESULTS: In all, 73.7% of the participants had poor knowledge about PEP for HIV. Though many (83.8%) had heard about PEP, just 10 (12.5%) had received formal training on PEP for HIV. Only 24 (30%) and 20 (25%) knew the correct drug regimen and duration of treatment respectively. The majority (85%) considered themselves to be at risk of acquiring HIV at work, with 54 (67.5%) having experienced an exposure in the past, mainly while setting up intravenous lines (57.4%), recapping needles (37.0%) and during delivery (24.1%). Of those exposed, ten (18.9%) received PEP, which was started after 24 hours in 50%. In multivariable regression analyses, awareness of hospital policy [OR: 0.043 (0.005-0.404), p-value = 0.006] was associated with Good knowledge on PEP for HIV. CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge and practice of nurses on PEP for HIV in Cameroon is low. There is urgent need for training programmes and workshops to increase awareness, improve practice, and reduce the risk of HIV acquisition from work related activities among health care providers. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other HIV en_ZA
dc.subject.other Nurses en_ZA
dc.subject.other Body fluids en_ZA
dc.subject.other HIV infections en_ZA
dc.subject.other Allied health care professionals en_ZA
dc.subject.other Synovial fluid en_ZA
dc.subject.other Cameroon en_ZA
dc.subject.other Health education and awareness en_ZA
dc.title Occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) against Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in a Health District in Cameroon: Assessment of the Knowledge and Practices of Nurses en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2015 Aminde et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.