What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa

 

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dc.contributor.author Fujisawa, Mariko en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Kobayashi, Kazuhiko en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Johnston, Peter en_ZA
dc.contributor.author New, Mark en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-11T06:54:09Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-11T06:54:09Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Fujisawa, M., Kobayashi, K., Johnston, P., & New, M. (2015). What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa. PloS one, 10(3), e0120563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120563 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120563 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16288
dc.description.abstract Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Farmers have been exposed to multiple stressors including climate change, and they have managed to adapt to those risks. The adaptation actions undertaken by farmers and their decision making are, however, only poorly understood. By studying adaptation practices undertaken by apple farmers in three regions: Nagano and Kazuno in Japan and Elgin in South Africa, we categorize the adaptation actions into two types: farmer initiated bottom-up adaptation and institution led top-down adaptation. We found that the driver which differentiates the type of adaptation likely adopted was strongly related to the farmers' characteristics, particularly their dependence on the institutions, e.g. the farmers' cooperative, in selling their products. The farmers who rely on the farmers' cooperative for their sales are likely to adopt the institution-led adaptation, whereas the farmers who have established their own sales channels tend to start innovative actions by bottom-up. We further argue that even though the two types have contrasting features, the combinations of the both types of adaptations could lead to more successful adaptation particularly in agriculture. This study also emphasizes that more farm-level studies for various crops and regions are warranted to provide substantial feedbacks to adaptation policy. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the <a href= en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Farms en_ZA
dc.subject.other Apples en_ZA
dc.subject.other Fruits en_ZA
dc.subject.other Climate change en_ZA
dc.subject.other Peaches en_ZA
dc.subject.other Japan en_ZA
dc.subject.other Orchards en_ZA
dc.subject.other Peach trees en_ZA
dc.title What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2015 Fujisawa et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department African Climate and Development Initiative en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Fujisawa, M., Kobayashi, K., Johnston, P., & New, M. (2015). What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa. <i>PLoS One</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16288 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Fujisawa, Mariko, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Peter Johnston, and Mark New "What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa." <i>PLoS One</i> (2015) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16288 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Fujisawa M, Kobayashi K, Johnston P, New M. What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa. PLoS One. 2015; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16288. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Fujisawa, Mariko AU - Kobayashi, Kazuhiko AU - Johnston, Peter AU - New, Mark AB - Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Farmers have been exposed to multiple stressors including climate change, and they have managed to adapt to those risks. The adaptation actions undertaken by farmers and their decision making are, however, only poorly understood. By studying adaptation practices undertaken by apple farmers in three regions: Nagano and Kazuno in Japan and Elgin in South Africa, we categorize the adaptation actions into two types: farmer initiated bottom-up adaptation and institution led top-down adaptation. We found that the driver which differentiates the type of adaptation likely adopted was strongly related to the farmers' characteristics, particularly their dependence on the institutions, e.g. the farmers' cooperative, in selling their products. The farmers who rely on the farmers' cooperative for their sales are likely to adopt the institution-led adaptation, whereas the farmers who have established their own sales channels tend to start innovative actions by bottom-up. We further argue that even though the two types have contrasting features, the combinations of the both types of adaptations could lead to more successful adaptation particularly in agriculture. This study also emphasizes that more farm-level studies for various crops and regions are warranted to provide substantial feedbacks to adaptation policy. DA - 2015 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0120563 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - PLoS One LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa TI - What drives farmers to make top-down or bottom-up adaptation to climate change and fluctuations? A comparative study on 3 cases of apple farming in Japan and South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16288 ER - en_ZA


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