Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels

 

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dc.contributor.author Ferrer-Paris, José R en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Sánchez-Mercado, Ada en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Viloria, Ángel L en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Donaldson, John en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-28T06:53:31Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-28T06:53:31Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Ferrer-Paris, J. R., Sánchez-Mercado, A., Viloria, Á. L., & Donaldson, J. (2012). Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels. PloS one, 8(5), e63570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063570 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16083
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0063570
dc.description.abstract We aggregated data on butterfly-host plant associations from existing sources in order to address the following questions: (1) is there a general correlation between host diversity and butterfly species richness?, (2) has the evolution of host plant use followed consistent patterns across butterfly lineages?, (3) what is the common ancestral host plant for all butterfly lineages? The compilation included 44,148 records from 5,152 butterfly species (28.6% of worldwide species of Papilionoidea) and 1,193 genera (66.3%). The overwhelming majority of butterflies use angiosperms as host plants. Fabales is used by most species (1,007 spp.) from all seven butterfly families and most subfamilies, Poales is the second most frequently used order, but is mostly restricted to two species-rich subfamilies: Hesperiinae (56.5% of all Hesperiidae), and Satyrinae (42.6% of all Nymphalidae). We found a significant and strong correlation between host plant diversity and butterfly species richness. A global test for congruence (Parafit test) was sensitive to uncertainty in the butterfly cladogram, and suggests a mixed system with congruent associations between Papilionidae and magnoliids, Hesperiidae and monocots, and the remaining subfamilies with the eudicots (fabids and malvids), but also numerous random associations. The congruent associations are also recovered as the most probable ancestral states in each node using maximum likelihood methods. The shift from basal groups to eudicots appears to be more likely than the other way around, with the only exception being a Satyrine-clade within the Nymphalidae that feed on monocots. Our analysis contributes to the visualization of the complex pattern of interactions at superfamily level and provides a context to discuss the timing of changes in host plant utilization that might have promoted diversification in some butterfly lineages. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Moths and butterflies en_ZA
dc.subject.other Flowering plants en_ZA
dc.subject.other Plant phylogenetics en_ZA
dc.subject.other Species diversity en_ZA
dc.subject.other Biodiversity en_ZA
dc.subject.other Phylogenetics en_ZA
dc.subject.other Plant-herbivore interactions en_ZA
dc.subject.other Nymphs en_ZA
dc.title Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2013 Ferrer-Paris et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Ferrer-Paris, J. R., Sánchez-Mercado, A., Viloria, Á. L., & Donaldson, J. (2013). Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels. <i>PLoS One</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16083 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Ferrer-Paris, José R, Ada Sánchez-Mercado, Ángel L Viloria, and John Donaldson "Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels." <i>PLoS One</i> (2013) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16083 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Ferrer-Paris JR, Sánchez-Mercado A, Viloria ÁL, Donaldson J. Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels. PLoS One. 2013; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16083. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Ferrer-Paris, José R AU - Sánchez-Mercado, Ada AU - Viloria, Ángel L AU - Donaldson, John AB - We aggregated data on butterfly-host plant associations from existing sources in order to address the following questions: (1) is there a general correlation between host diversity and butterfly species richness?, (2) has the evolution of host plant use followed consistent patterns across butterfly lineages?, (3) what is the common ancestral host plant for all butterfly lineages? The compilation included 44,148 records from 5,152 butterfly species (28.6% of worldwide species of Papilionoidea) and 1,193 genera (66.3%). The overwhelming majority of butterflies use angiosperms as host plants. Fabales is used by most species (1,007 spp.) from all seven butterfly families and most subfamilies, Poales is the second most frequently used order, but is mostly restricted to two species-rich subfamilies: Hesperiinae (56.5% of all Hesperiidae), and Satyrinae (42.6% of all Nymphalidae). We found a significant and strong correlation between host plant diversity and butterfly species richness. A global test for congruence (Parafit test) was sensitive to uncertainty in the butterfly cladogram, and suggests a mixed system with congruent associations between Papilionidae and magnoliids, Hesperiidae and monocots, and the remaining subfamilies with the eudicots (fabids and malvids), but also numerous random associations. The congruent associations are also recovered as the most probable ancestral states in each node using maximum likelihood methods. The shift from basal groups to eudicots appears to be more likely than the other way around, with the only exception being a Satyrine-clade within the Nymphalidae that feed on monocots. Our analysis contributes to the visualization of the complex pattern of interactions at superfamily level and provides a context to discuss the timing of changes in host plant utilization that might have promoted diversification in some butterfly lineages. DA - 2013 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0063570 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - PLoS One LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2013 T1 - Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels TI - Congruence and diversity of butterfly-host plant associations at higher taxonomic levels UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16083 ER - en_ZA


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.