Alcohol, binge drinking and associated mental health problems in young urban Chileans

 

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dc.contributor.author Mason-Jones, Amanda J en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Cabieses, Báltica en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-28T06:46:24Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-28T06:46:24Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mason-Jones, A. J., & Cabieses, B. (2015). Alcohol, binge drinking and associated mental health problems in young urban Chileans. PLoS one, 10, e0121116. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121116 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/16020
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121116
dc.description.abstract Objective To explore the link between alcohol use, binge drinking and mental health problems in a representative sample of adolescent and young adult Chileans. METHODS: Age and sex-adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) for four mental wellbeing measures were estimated with separate conditional logistic regression models for adolescents aged 15-20 years, and young adults aged 21-25 years, using population-based estimates of alcohol use prevalence rates from the Chilean National Health Survey 2010. RESULTS: Sixty five per cent of adolescents and 85% of young adults reported drinking alcohol in the last year and of those 83% per cent of adolescents and 86% of young adults reported binge drinking in the previous month. Adolescents who reported binging alcohol were also more likely, compared to young adults, to report being always or almost always depressed (OR 12.97 [95% CI, 1.86-19.54]) or to feel very anxious in the last month (OR 9.37 [1.77-19.54]). Adolescent females were more likely to report poor life satisfaction in the previous year than adolescent males (OR 8.50 [1.61-15.78]), feel always or almost always depressed (OR 3.41 [1.25-9.58]). Being female was also associated with a self-reported diagnosis of depression for both age groups (adolescents, OR 4.74 [1.49-15.08] and young adults, OR 4.08 [1.65-10.05]). CONCLUSION: Young people in Chile self-report a high prevalence of alcohol use, binge drinking and associated mental health problems. The harms associated with alcohol consumption need to be highlighted through evidence-based prevention programs. Health and education systems need to be strengthened to screen and support young people. Focussing on policy initiatives to limit beverage companies targeting alcohol to young people will also be needed. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Alcohol consumption en_ZA
dc.subject.other Adolescents en_ZA
dc.subject.other Young adults en_ZA
dc.subject.other Mental health and psychiatry en_ZA
dc.subject.other Alcoholism en_ZA
dc.subject.other Depression en_ZA
dc.subject.other Health surveys en_ZA
dc.subject.other Age groups en_ZA
dc.title Alcohol, binge drinking and associated mental health problems in young urban Chileans en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2015 Mason-Jones, Cabieses en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Women's Health Research Unit en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.