The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study

 

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dc.contributor.author Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Pacheco, Kyla en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Tomaz, Simone en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Karpul, David en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Lambert, Estelle en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-07T08:51:15Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-07T08:51:15Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Kolbe-Alexander, T. L., Pacheco, K., Tomaz, S. A., Karpul, D., & Lambert, E. V. (2015). The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 518. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15641
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1853-8
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the built environment plays a role in habitual levels of physical activity (PA), however much of this research has been conducted in adults and higher income countries. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the strength of association between the built environment and PA in South African older adults. METHODS: Participants were recruited (n=44, mean age 65+/-8.5years) from two suburbs, representing either a high socioeconomic (HSA) or low socioeconomic area (LSA). Self-reported PA, and subjective assessments of neighborhood walkability (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, NEWS) was measured. Participants wore Actigraph GT3x accelerometers to objectively quantify PA. RESULTS: HSA participants reported significantly more leisure-time and less transport PA. Objectively measured and self-reported MVPA was significantly higher in HSA participants. NEWS 'Land-use Mix' was negatively associated with leisure-time MVPA, (r2=0.20; p<0.02). In addition, neighborhood aesthetics was positively associated with leisure-time physical activity (r2=0.33; p=0.02). 'Safety from traffic' was inversely associated with travel-related PA (r2=0.14, p=0.01). None of the other NEWS scores were associated with PA for the total group. CONCLUSION: Leisure-time and transport-related PA was influenced by socio-economic status. Attributes of the perceived built environment associated with leisure-time and total MVPA in older South Africa adults were different in low- and high- income settings. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher BioMed Central Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source BMC Public Health en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other Built environment en_ZA
dc.subject.other Physical activity en_ZA
dc.subject.other Older adults en_ZA
dc.title The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder 2015 Kolbe-Alexander et al.; licensee BioMed Central. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Human Biology en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Kolbe-Alexander, T., Pacheco, K., Tomaz, S., Karpul, D., & Lambert, E. (2015). The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study. <i>BMC Public Health</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15641 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy, Kyla Pacheco, Simone Tomaz, David Karpul, and Estelle Lambert "The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study." <i>BMC Public Health</i> (2015) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15641 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Kolbe-Alexander T, Pacheco K, Tomaz S, Karpul D, Lambert E. The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study. BMC Public Health. 2015; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15641. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy AU - Pacheco, Kyla AU - Tomaz, Simone AU - Karpul, David AU - Lambert, Estelle AB - BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the built environment plays a role in habitual levels of physical activity (PA), however much of this research has been conducted in adults and higher income countries. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the strength of association between the built environment and PA in South African older adults. METHODS: Participants were recruited (n=44, mean age 65+/-8.5years) from two suburbs, representing either a high socioeconomic (HSA) or low socioeconomic area (LSA). Self-reported PA, and subjective assessments of neighborhood walkability (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, NEWS) was measured. Participants wore Actigraph GT3x accelerometers to objectively quantify PA. RESULTS: HSA participants reported significantly more leisure-time and less transport PA. Objectively measured and self-reported MVPA was significantly higher in HSA participants. NEWS 'Land-use Mix' was negatively associated with leisure-time MVPA, (r2=0.20; p<0.02). In addition, neighborhood aesthetics was positively associated with leisure-time physical activity (r2=0.33; p=0.02). 'Safety from traffic' was inversely associated with travel-related PA (r2=0.14, p=0.01). None of the other NEWS scores were associated with PA for the total group. CONCLUSION: Leisure-time and transport-related PA was influenced by socio-economic status. Attributes of the perceived built environment associated with leisure-time and total MVPA in older South Africa adults were different in low- and high- income settings. DA - 2015 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1186/s12889-015-1853-8 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - BMC Public Health LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study TI - The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15641 ER - en_ZA


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