Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study

 

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dc.contributor.author Katte, Jean-Claude en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Dzudie, Anastase en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Sobngwi, Eugene en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Mbong, Eta en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Fetse, Gerard en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Kouam, Charles en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Kengne, Andre-Pascal en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-27T09:33:39Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-27T09:33:39Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Katte, J. C., Dzudie, A., Sobngwi, E., Mbong, E. N., Fetse, G. T., Kouam, C. K., & Kengne, A. P. (2014). Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study. BMC public health, 14(1), 696. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15397
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-696
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are increasingly common in population within Africa. We determined the rate of coincident diabetes and hypertension and assessed the levels of co-awareness, treatment and control in a semi-urban population in Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 1702 adults (967 women) self-selected from the community were consecutively recruited in Bafoussam (West region of Cameroon) during November 2012. Existing diabetes and hypertension and treatments were investigated and blood pressure and fasting blood glucose measured. Multinomial logistic regressions models were used to investigate the determinants of prevalent diabetes and hypertension. RESULTS: Age-standardized prevalence rates (95% confidence intervals) men vs. women were 40.4% (34.7 to 46.1) and 23.8% (20.4 to 27.2) for hypertension alone; 3.3% (1.5 to 5.1) and 5.6% (3.5 to 7.7) for diabetes alone; and 3.9% (2.6 to 5.2) and 5.0% (3.5 to 6.5) for hypertension and diabetes. The age-standardized awareness, treatment and control rates for hypertension alone were 6.5%, 86.4% and 37.2% for men, and 24.3%, 52.1% and 51.6% in women. Equivalent figures for diabetes alone were 35.4%, 65.6% and 23.1% in men and 26.4%, 75.5% and 33.7% in women; and those for hypertension and diabetes were 86.6%, 3.3% and 0% in men, and 74.7%, 22.6% and 0% in women. Sex, age and adiposity were the main determinants of the three conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Coincident diabetes and hypertension is as high as diabetes alone in this population, driven by sex, age and adiposity. Awareness, treatment and control remain unacceptably low. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher BioMed Central Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0. en_ZA
dc.source BMC Public Health en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpublichealth/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other Hypertension en_ZA
dc.subject.other Diabetes mellitus en_ZA
dc.subject.other Coincidence en_ZA
dc.subject.other Prevalence en_ZA
dc.subject.other Sub-Saharan Africa en_ZA
dc.subject.other Cameroon en_ZA
dc.title Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder 2014 Katte et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Katte, J., Dzudie, A., Sobngwi, E., Mbong, E., Fetse, G., Kouam, C., & Kengne, A. (2014). Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study. <i>BMC Public Health</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15397 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Katte, Jean-Claude, Anastase Dzudie, Eugene Sobngwi, Eta Mbong, Gerard Fetse, Charles Kouam, and Andre-Pascal Kengne "Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study." <i>BMC Public Health</i> (2014) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15397 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Katte J, Dzudie A, Sobngwi E, Mbong E, Fetse G, Kouam C, et al. Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2014; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15397. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Katte, Jean-Claude AU - Dzudie, Anastase AU - Sobngwi, Eugene AU - Mbong, Eta AU - Fetse, Gerard AU - Kouam, Charles AU - Kengne, Andre-Pascal AB - BACKGROUND: Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are increasingly common in population within Africa. We determined the rate of coincident diabetes and hypertension and assessed the levels of co-awareness, treatment and control in a semi-urban population in Cameroon. METHODS: A total of 1702 adults (967 women) self-selected from the community were consecutively recruited in Bafoussam (West region of Cameroon) during November 2012. Existing diabetes and hypertension and treatments were investigated and blood pressure and fasting blood glucose measured. Multinomial logistic regressions models were used to investigate the determinants of prevalent diabetes and hypertension. RESULTS: Age-standardized prevalence rates (95% confidence intervals) men vs. women were 40.4% (34.7 to 46.1) and 23.8% (20.4 to 27.2) for hypertension alone; 3.3% (1.5 to 5.1) and 5.6% (3.5 to 7.7) for diabetes alone; and 3.9% (2.6 to 5.2) and 5.0% (3.5 to 6.5) for hypertension and diabetes. The age-standardized awareness, treatment and control rates for hypertension alone were 6.5%, 86.4% and 37.2% for men, and 24.3%, 52.1% and 51.6% in women. Equivalent figures for diabetes alone were 35.4%, 65.6% and 23.1% in men and 26.4%, 75.5% and 33.7% in women; and those for hypertension and diabetes were 86.6%, 3.3% and 0% in men, and 74.7%, 22.6% and 0% in women. Sex, age and adiposity were the main determinants of the three conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Coincident diabetes and hypertension is as high as diabetes alone in this population, driven by sex, age and adiposity. Awareness, treatment and control remain unacceptably low. DA - 2014 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1186/1471-2458-14-696 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - BMC Public Health LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2014 T1 - Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study TI - Coincidence of diabetes mellitus and hypertension in a semi-urban Cameroonian population: a cross-sectional study UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15397 ER - en_ZA


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