The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild land

 

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dc.contributor.author Lindsey, Peter Andrew en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Balme, Guy Andrew en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Booth, Vernon Richard en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Midlane, Neil en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-23T12:38:38Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-23T12:38:38Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Lindsey, P. A., Balme, G. A., Booth, V. R., & Midlane, N. (2011). The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild land. PloS one, 7(1), e29332. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029332 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15361
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029332
dc.description.abstract Recent studies indicate that trophy hunting is impacting negatively on some lion populations, notably in Tanzania. In 2004 there was a proposal to list lions on CITES Appendix I and in 2011 animal-welfare groups petitioned the United States government to list lions as endangered under their Endangered Species Act. Such listings would likely curtail the trophy hunting of lions by limiting the import of lion trophies. Concurrent efforts are underway to encourage the European Union to ban lion trophy imports. We assessed the significance of lions to the financial viability of trophy hunting across five countries to help determine the financial impact and advisability of the proposed trade restrictions. Lion hunts attract the highest mean prices (US$24,000-US$71,000) of all trophy species. Lions generate 5-17% of gross trophy hunting income on national levels, the proportional significance highest in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zambia. If lion hunting was effectively precluded, trophy hunting could potentially become financially unviable across at least 59,538 km 2 that could result in a concomitant loss of habitat. However, the loss of lion hunting could have other potentially broader negative impacts including reduction of competitiveness of wildlife-based land uses relative to ecologically unfavourable alternatives. Restrictions on lion hunting may also reduce tolerance for the species among communities where local people benefit from trophy hunting, and may reduce funds available for anti-poaching. If lion off-takes were reduced to recommended maximums (0.5/1000 km 2 ), the loss of viability and reduction in profitability would be much lower than if lion hunting was stopped altogether (7,005 km 2 ). We recommend that interventions focus on reducing off-takes to sustainable levels, implementing age-based regulations and improving governance of trophy hunting. Such measures could ensure sustainability, while retaining incentives for the conservation of lions and their habitat from hunting. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Lions en_ZA
dc.subject.other Elephants en_ZA
dc.subject.other Hunting behavior en_ZA
dc.subject.other Leopards en_ZA
dc.subject.other Wildlife en_ZA
dc.subject.other Zimbabwe en_ZA
dc.subject.other Tanzania en_ZA
dc.subject.other Mozambique en_ZA
dc.title The significance of African lions for the financial viability of trophy hunting and the maintenance of wild land en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2012 Lindsey et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.