Who bites the bullet first? the susceptibility of Leopards Panthera Pardus to trophy hunting

 

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dc.contributor.author Braczkowski, Alex Richard en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Balme, Guy Andrew en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Dickman, Amy en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Macdonald, David Whyte en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Fattebert, Julien en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Dickerson, Tristan en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Johnson, Paul en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Hunter, Luke en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-18T07:12:53Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-18T07:12:53Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Braczkowski, A. R., Balme, G. A., Dickman, A., Macdonald, D. W., Fattebert, J., Dickerson, T., ... & Hunter, L. (2014). Who bites the bullet first? the susceptibility of Leopards Panthera Pardus to trophy hunting. PloS one, 10(4), e0123100. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0123100 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15149
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123100
dc.description.abstract Reliable data is fundamentally important for managing large carnivore populations, and vital for informing hunting quota levels if those populations are subject to trophy hunting. Camera-trapping and spoor counts can provide reliable population estimates for many carnivores, but governments typically lack the resources to implement such surveys over the spatial scales required to inform robust quota setting. It may therefore be prudent to shift focus away from estimating population size and instead focus on monitoring population trend. In this paper we assess the susceptibility of African leopards Panthera pardus to trophy hunting. This has management ramifications, particularly if the use of harvest composition is to be explored as a metric of population trend. We explore the susceptibility of different leopard age and sex cohorts to trophy hunting; first by examining their intrinsic susceptibility to encountering trophy hunters using camera-traps as surrogates, and second by assessing their extrinsic susceptibility using photographic questionnaire surveys to determine their attractiveness to hunters. We show that adult male and female leopards share similar incident rates to encountering hunters but adult males are the most susceptible to hunting due to hunter preference for large trophies. In contrast, sub-adult leopards rarely encounter hunters and are the least attractive trophies. We suggest that our findings be used as a foundation for the exploration of a harvest composition scheme in the Kwazulu-Natal and Limpopo provinces where post mortem information is collected from hunted leopards and submitted to the local provincial authorities. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Leopards en_ZA
dc.subject.other Pumas en_ZA
dc.subject.other Wildlife en_ZA
dc.subject.other Carnivory en_ZA
dc.subject.other Data management en_ZA
dc.subject.other Predation en_ZA
dc.subject.other South Africa en_ZA
dc.title Who bites the bullet first? the susceptibility of Leopards Panthera Pardus to trophy hunting en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2015 Braczkowski et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.