Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review

 

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dc.contributor.author Hersi, Mona en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Stevens, Adrienne en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Quach, Pauline en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Hamel, Candyce en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Thavorn, Kednapa en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Garritty, Chantelle en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Skidmore, Becky en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Vallenas, Constanza en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Norris, Susan L en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Egger, Matthias en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-16T04:09:42Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-16T04:09:42Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Hersi, M., Stevens, A., Quach, P., Hamel, C., Thavorn, K., Garritty, C., ... & Moher, D. (2015). Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review. PloS one, 10(10), e0140290. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140290 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15008
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140290
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: A rapid review, guided by a protocol, was conducted to inform development of the World Health Organization’s guideline on personal protective equipment in the context of the ongoing (2013-present) Western African filovirus disease outbreak, with a focus on health care workers directly caring for patients with Ebola or Marburg virus diseases. METHODS: Electronic databases and grey literature sources were searched. Eligibility criteria initially included comparative studies on Ebola and Marburg virus diseases reported in English or French, but criteria were expanded to studies on other viral hemorrhagic fevers and non-comparative designs due to the paucity of studies. After title and abstract screening (two people to exclude), full-text reports of potentially relevant articles were assessed in duplicate. Fifty-seven percent of extraction information was verified. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework was used to inform the quality of evidence assessments. RESULTS: Thirty non-comparative studies (8 related to Ebola virus disease) were located, and 27 provided data on viral transmission. Reporting of personal protective equipment components and infection prevention and control protocols was generally poor. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient evidence exists to draw conclusions regarding the comparative effectiveness of various types of personal protective equipment. Additional research is urgently needed to determine optimal PPE for health care workers caring for patients with filovirus. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en_ZA
dc.rights This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 en_ZA
dc.source PLoS One en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://journals.plos.org/plosone en_ZA
dc.subject.other Database searching en_ZA
dc.subject.other Safety equipment en_ZA
dc.subject.other Respirators en_ZA
dc.subject.other Systematic reviews en_ZA
dc.subject.other Marburg hemorrhagic fever en_ZA
dc.subject.other Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever en_ZA
dc.subject.other Ebola hemorrhagic fever en_ZA
dc.subject.other Filoviruses en_ZA
dc.title Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder © 2015 Hersi et al en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Hersi, M., Stevens, A., Quach, P., Hamel, C., Thavorn, K., Garritty, C., ... Egger, M. (2015). Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review. <i>PLoS One</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15008 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Hersi, Mona, Adrienne Stevens, Pauline Quach, Candyce Hamel, Kednapa Thavorn, Chantelle Garritty, Becky Skidmore, Constanza Vallenas, Susan L Norris, and Matthias Egger "Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review." <i>PLoS One</i> (2015) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15008 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Hersi M, Stevens A, Quach P, Hamel C, Thavorn K, Garritty C, et al. Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review. PLoS One. 2015; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15008. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Hersi, Mona AU - Stevens, Adrienne AU - Quach, Pauline AU - Hamel, Candyce AU - Thavorn, Kednapa AU - Garritty, Chantelle AU - Skidmore, Becky AU - Vallenas, Constanza AU - Norris, Susan L AU - Egger, Matthias AB - BACKGROUND: A rapid review, guided by a protocol, was conducted to inform development of the World Health Organization’s guideline on personal protective equipment in the context of the ongoing (2013-present) Western African filovirus disease outbreak, with a focus on health care workers directly caring for patients with Ebola or Marburg virus diseases. METHODS: Electronic databases and grey literature sources were searched. Eligibility criteria initially included comparative studies on Ebola and Marburg virus diseases reported in English or French, but criteria were expanded to studies on other viral hemorrhagic fevers and non-comparative designs due to the paucity of studies. After title and abstract screening (two people to exclude), full-text reports of potentially relevant articles were assessed in duplicate. Fifty-seven percent of extraction information was verified. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework was used to inform the quality of evidence assessments. RESULTS: Thirty non-comparative studies (8 related to Ebola virus disease) were located, and 27 provided data on viral transmission. Reporting of personal protective equipment components and infection prevention and control protocols was generally poor. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient evidence exists to draw conclusions regarding the comparative effectiveness of various types of personal protective equipment. Additional research is urgently needed to determine optimal PPE for health care workers caring for patients with filovirus. DA - 2015 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0140290 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - PLoS One LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review TI - Effectiveness of Personal Protective Equipment for Healthcare Workers Caring for Patients with Filovirus Disease: A Rapid Review UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/15008 ER - en_ZA


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.