Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies

 

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dc.contributor.author Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Kengne, Andre en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-11T12:02:43Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-11T12:02:43Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Echouffo-Tcheugui, J. B., & Kengne, A. P. (2011). Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon-burden, determinants and current policies. Global Health, 7(1), 44. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14895
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-8603-7-44
dc.description.abstract Cameroon is experiencing an increase in the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which accounted for 43% of all deaths in 2002. This article reviews the published literature to critically evaluate the evidence on the frequency, determinants and consequences of NCDs in Cameroon, and to identify research, intervention and policy gaps. The rising trends in NCDs have been documented for hypertension and diabetes, with a 2-5 and a 10-fold increase in their respective prevalence between 1994 and 2003. Magnitudes are much higher in urban settings, where increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity (by 54-82%) was observed over the same period. These changes largely result from the adoption of unfavorable eating habits, physical inactivity, and a probable increasing tobacco use. These behavioral changes are driven by the economic development and social mobility, which are part of the epidemiologic transition. There is still a dearth of information on chronic respiratory diseases and cancers, as well as on all NDCs and related risk factors in children and adolescents. More nationally representative data is needed to tract risk factors and consequences of NCDs. These conditions are increasingly been recognized as a priority, mainly through locally generated evidence. Thus, national-level prevention and control programs for chronic diseases (mainly diabetes and hypertension) have been established. However, the monitoring and evaluation of these programs is necessary. Budgetary allocations data by the ministry of health would be helpful, to evaluate the investment in NCDs prevention and control. Establishing more effective national-level tobacco control measures and food policies, as well as campaigns to promote healthy diets, physical activity and tobacco cessation would probably contribute to reducing the burden of NCDs. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher BioMed Central Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_ZA
dc.source Globalization and Health en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other chronic diseases en_ZA
dc.subject.other Cameroon en_ZA
dc.subject.other burden en_ZA
dc.subject.other determinants en_ZA
dc.subject.other policies en_ZA
dc.title Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder 2011 Echouffo-Tcheugui and Kengne; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Echouffo-Tcheugui, J., & Kengne, A. (2011). Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies. <i>Globalization and Health</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14895 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin, and Andre Kengne "Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies." <i>Globalization and Health</i> (2011) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14895 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Echouffo-Tcheugui J, Kengne A. Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies. Globalization and Health. 2011; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14895. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin AU - Kengne, Andre AB - Cameroon is experiencing an increase in the burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which accounted for 43% of all deaths in 2002. This article reviews the published literature to critically evaluate the evidence on the frequency, determinants and consequences of NCDs in Cameroon, and to identify research, intervention and policy gaps. The rising trends in NCDs have been documented for hypertension and diabetes, with a 2-5 and a 10-fold increase in their respective prevalence between 1994 and 2003. Magnitudes are much higher in urban settings, where increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity (by 54-82%) was observed over the same period. These changes largely result from the adoption of unfavorable eating habits, physical inactivity, and a probable increasing tobacco use. These behavioral changes are driven by the economic development and social mobility, which are part of the epidemiologic transition. There is still a dearth of information on chronic respiratory diseases and cancers, as well as on all NDCs and related risk factors in children and adolescents. More nationally representative data is needed to tract risk factors and consequences of NCDs. These conditions are increasingly been recognized as a priority, mainly through locally generated evidence. Thus, national-level prevention and control programs for chronic diseases (mainly diabetes and hypertension) have been established. However, the monitoring and evaluation of these programs is necessary. Budgetary allocations data by the ministry of health would be helpful, to evaluate the investment in NCDs prevention and control. Establishing more effective national-level tobacco control measures and food policies, as well as campaigns to promote healthy diets, physical activity and tobacco cessation would probably contribute to reducing the burden of NCDs. DA - 2011 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1186/1744-8603-7-44 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - Globalization and Health LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2011 T1 - Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies TI - Chronic non-communicable diseases in Cameroon - burden, determinants and current policies UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14895 ER - en_ZA


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