Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa

 

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Naude, Celeste en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Senekal, Marjanne en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Laubscher, Ria en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Carey, Paul en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Fein, George en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-11T11:51:55Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-11T11:51:55Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Naude, C. E., Senekal, M., Laubscher, R., Carey, P. D., & Fein, G. (2011). Growth and weight status in treatment-naïve 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutrition journal, 10(1), 87. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14850
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-10-87
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol consumption during adolescence has many known harmful health and social consequences and is strongly associated with numerous health risk behaviours. The consequences of heavy alcohol use during adolescence on nutritional status, specifically growth and weight status are largely unknown at this time. METHODS: Substance use, anthropometric indices of growth and weight, dietary energy intake and physical activity in heavy drinking adolescents (meeting DSM-IV criteria for alcohol use disorders) and matched light/non-drinking control adolescents were assessed. RESULTS: Lifetime alcohol dose, measured in standard drinks of alcohol, was orders of magnitude higher in adolescents with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) compared to controls. The AUDs group was selected to represent relatively 'pure' AUDs, with minimal other drug use and no psychiatric diagnoses. The growth and weight status of adolescents with AUDs were generally comparable to that of controls, and is in line with the growth and weight status of the South African adolescent population. A greater proportion of overweight/obese females was found in both groups, with this percentage tending to be greater, although not significantly so, in the AUDs group. Adolescent females with AUDs had increased odds of being overweight/obese compared to controls, after adjustment for smoking, physical activity and energy intake. CONCLUSION: Anthropometric indices of growth and weight status of participants in the Control and AUD groups were generally comparable. Female adolescents with AUDs may have an increased risk of being overweight/obese compared to adolescent females without AUDs. The presence of an AUD in our adolescent sample was associated with higher energy intake. Longitudinal studies are needed to elucidate the effects of heavy alcohol use on energy balance, growth and weight status in adolescents as they age. Nonetheless, the current study contributes to our understanding of the impacts of heavy alcohol consumption on important aspects of adolescent development. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher BioMed Central Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_ZA
dc.source Nutrition Journal en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.nutritionj.com/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other adolescent en_ZA
dc.subject.other alcohol en_ZA
dc.subject.other growth en_ZA
dc.subject.other weight en_ZA
dc.subject.other anthropometry en_ZA
dc.subject.other energy intake en_ZA
dc.title Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder 2011 Naude et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Division of Human Nutrition en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Naude, C., Senekal, M., Laubscher, R., Carey, P., & Fein, G. (2011). Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa. <i>Nutrition Journal</i>, http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14850 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Naude, Celeste, Marjanne Senekal, Ria Laubscher, Paul Carey, and George Fein "Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa." <i>Nutrition Journal</i> (2011) http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14850 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Naude C, Senekal M, Laubscher R, Carey P, Fein G. Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa. Nutrition Journal. 2011; http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14850. en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Naude, Celeste AU - Senekal, Marjanne AU - Laubscher, Ria AU - Carey, Paul AU - Fein, George AB - BACKGROUND: Heavy alcohol consumption during adolescence has many known harmful health and social consequences and is strongly associated with numerous health risk behaviours. The consequences of heavy alcohol use during adolescence on nutritional status, specifically growth and weight status are largely unknown at this time. METHODS: Substance use, anthropometric indices of growth and weight, dietary energy intake and physical activity in heavy drinking adolescents (meeting DSM-IV criteria for alcohol use disorders) and matched light/non-drinking control adolescents were assessed. RESULTS: Lifetime alcohol dose, measured in standard drinks of alcohol, was orders of magnitude higher in adolescents with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) compared to controls. The AUDs group was selected to represent relatively 'pure' AUDs, with minimal other drug use and no psychiatric diagnoses. The growth and weight status of adolescents with AUDs were generally comparable to that of controls, and is in line with the growth and weight status of the South African adolescent population. A greater proportion of overweight/obese females was found in both groups, with this percentage tending to be greater, although not significantly so, in the AUDs group. Adolescent females with AUDs had increased odds of being overweight/obese compared to controls, after adjustment for smoking, physical activity and energy intake. CONCLUSION: Anthropometric indices of growth and weight status of participants in the Control and AUD groups were generally comparable. Female adolescents with AUDs may have an increased risk of being overweight/obese compared to adolescent females without AUDs. The presence of an AUD in our adolescent sample was associated with higher energy intake. Longitudinal studies are needed to elucidate the effects of heavy alcohol use on energy balance, growth and weight status in adolescents as they age. Nonetheless, the current study contributes to our understanding of the impacts of heavy alcohol consumption on important aspects of adolescent development. DA - 2011 DB - OpenUCT DO - 10.1186/1475-2891-10-87 DP - University of Cape Town J1 - Nutrition Journal LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2011 T1 - Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa TI - Growth and weight status in treatment-naive 12-16 year old adolescents with Alcohol Use Disorders in Cape Town, South Africa UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14850 ER - en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License