Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town

 

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Morris, Alan G en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Friedling, Louise J en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-10T14:19:13Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-10T14:19:13Z
dc.date.issued 2007 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Friedling, L. 2007. Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14813
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (p. 249-270). en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Two unwalled 18th and 19th century colonial burial sites, Cobern Street and Marina Residence, were assessed osteologically and dentally to reconstruct the life histories and activity patterns of the poorer people living at the Cape. This was done to add to the history and knowledge of the descendants of these people, as little other information exists on them. Questions pertaining to diet, stress, activity patterns and trauma were investigated. Visual (standard and novel macroscopic methods e.g. distal humeri method), metric (femoral neck method) and histological (proximal anterior femur) techniques were tested and employed to estimate age and sex, as the skeletal material was fragmentary and incomplete. Only adults were assessed and analysed (n = 86 and n = 75 for Cobern Street and Marina Residence respectively) as the infant, juvenile and sub-adult skeletal material was too badly preserved and fragmentary to attempt reconstruction. Mortality profiles reveal that the two study sites were different in community dynamics. They led hard active lives as seen from their muscle marking and degenerative joint disease patterns. Osteoarthritis was not only very frequent within the groups but was found in much of the younger adult skeletal material. Stress and trauma were relatively low within the two populations. Dental disease was relatively high within the two study groups. This was as a result of a carbohydrate rich diet and poor oral hygiene. Thus the food they were consuming as well as the activities they were involved in had a huge impact on their lives. The first possible cases of syphilis, tuberculosis and Paget's disease at the Cape were found within these two study groups. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Osteological analysis en_ZA
dc.title Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Human Biology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Friedling, L. J. (2007). <i>Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Human Biology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14813 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Friedling, Louise J. <i>"Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Human Biology, 2007. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14813 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Friedling LJ. Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Human Biology, 2007 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14813 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Friedling, Louise J AB - Two unwalled 18th and 19th century colonial burial sites, Cobern Street and Marina Residence, were assessed osteologically and dentally to reconstruct the life histories and activity patterns of the poorer people living at the Cape. This was done to add to the history and knowledge of the descendants of these people, as little other information exists on them. Questions pertaining to diet, stress, activity patterns and trauma were investigated. Visual (standard and novel macroscopic methods e.g. distal humeri method), metric (femoral neck method) and histological (proximal anterior femur) techniques were tested and employed to estimate age and sex, as the skeletal material was fragmentary and incomplete. Only adults were assessed and analysed (n = 86 and n = 75 for Cobern Street and Marina Residence respectively) as the infant, juvenile and sub-adult skeletal material was too badly preserved and fragmentary to attempt reconstruction. Mortality profiles reveal that the two study sites were different in community dynamics. They led hard active lives as seen from their muscle marking and degenerative joint disease patterns. Osteoarthritis was not only very frequent within the groups but was found in much of the younger adult skeletal material. Stress and trauma were relatively low within the two populations. Dental disease was relatively high within the two study groups. This was as a result of a carbohydrate rich diet and poor oral hygiene. Thus the food they were consuming as well as the activities they were involved in had a huge impact on their lives. The first possible cases of syphilis, tuberculosis and Paget's disease at the Cape were found within these two study groups. DA - 2007 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2007 T1 - Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town TI - Grave tales : an osteological assessment of health and lifestyle from 18th and 19th century burial sites around Cape Town UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14813 ER - en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record