The "educationally disadvantaged" student : factors impacting upon conceptions of learning and perceptions of learning contexts

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Meyer, JHF en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Cliff, Alan Frank en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-02T10:59:35Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-02T10:59:35Z
dc.date.issued 1992 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Cliff, A. 1992. The "educationally disadvantaged" student : factors impacting upon conceptions of learning and perceptions of learning contexts. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14619
dc.description Includes bibliography. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Utilising an individual-difference model of student learning, this study set out to explore the manifestations of qualitative differences in study behaviour at the individual level, amongst a group of educationally disadvantaged students enrolled in the Academic Support Programme in Engineering at Cape Town (ASPECT). The first aim of the study was to describe and conceptually categorise, within the concept of the study orchestration, the manifestation of these individual differences in study engagement, by means of a retrospective analysis of students' school-based study of Science. This process was undertaken when the students first arrived at the university. The quantitative process of classification, done independently of the author, was augmented by each student being individually interviewed by the author about his (retrospective) study behaviour. The second aim was to investigate the study orchestrations of these students in the transition between school and university. Stability over time, in the absence of explicit intervention, of (in particular) students whose study orchestrations had been classified as "at risk" on entry to the university, confirmed the findings from previous studies (some of which had been conducted with groups of educationally disadvantaged students). In previous studies, it had been shown that students in this conceptual category were likely to fail or achieve poorly in conventional university examinations. An ongoing programme of intervention was then designed with the specific aim of enabling "at risk" students to 'reorchestrate' aspects of their study behaviour in qualitatively 'deeper' ways. Modelled in part on previous, more narrowly focused, intervention strategies, the intervention in this study set out to improve "at risk" students' qualitative levels of perceptions of their learning contexts, but it also focused more broadly on the whole ASPECT group without losing sight of the manifestations of qualitative differences in learning conceptions, student epistemologies, and so on, amongst this group. This was achieved by engaging all students in ongoing discourse about crucial learning processes, such as the development of metacognitive awareness and the .need to assume personal responsibility for learning. The study confirmed the findings of other studies: that it is possible to alter "at risk" students' contextualised perceptions in qualitatively 'deeper' ways. In addition, the study suggested lines for individual and subgroup intervention that (1) is possible within the context of everyday learning and teaching; (2) can be carried out by the average academic practitioner, and (3) is transferable to other contexts of academic support. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Compensatory education - South Africa - Case studies en_ZA
dc.subject.other Learning en_ZA
dc.title The "educationally disadvantaged" student : factors impacting upon conceptions of learning and perceptions of learning contexts en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department School of Education en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname MEd en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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