Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Mattes, Robert en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Little, Sarah en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-02T10:55:45Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-02T10:55:45Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Little, S. 2010. Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14606
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Many developing democracies have attempted to systematically engineer the party system in order to help reduce the salience of particularistic identities. In Sub-Saharan Africa, government intervention in political party development has been often been concerned with countering the political mobilization of ethnic, racial, and/or religious identities. This concern has led at least 19 Sub-Saharan African nations to design legislation to ban political parties based on ethnicity, race, tribe, religion, region or any other particularistic identity. This paper employs two measures to determine the particularistic nature of parties and compares the results across countries with particularistic party bans which have been enforced, those with bans which have not been enforced and countries without a ban. The paper argues that particularistic party bans do not consistently accomplish their intended effects. However, it is clear that particularistic identities are not primordial and do indeed react to political forces. If particularistic party bans are executed with oppression, the results can be detrimental to reducing the salience of ethnicity. On the contrary, if particularistic party bans are enforced or employed in a fair-handed manner the effects may be beneficial to the consolidation of democracy in divided societies. More important are the political and social contexts of a nation which either reinforce non particularistic politics or undermine it. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Democratic Governance en_ZA
dc.title Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Humanities en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Political Studies en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSocSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Little, S. (2010). <i>Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Political Studies. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14606 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Little, Sarah. <i>"Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Political Studies, 2010. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14606 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Little S. Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Humanities ,Department of Political Studies, 2010 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14606 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Little, Sarah AB - Many developing democracies have attempted to systematically engineer the party system in order to help reduce the salience of particularistic identities. In Sub-Saharan Africa, government intervention in political party development has been often been concerned with countering the political mobilization of ethnic, racial, and/or religious identities. This concern has led at least 19 Sub-Saharan African nations to design legislation to ban political parties based on ethnicity, race, tribe, religion, region or any other particularistic identity. This paper employs two measures to determine the particularistic nature of parties and compares the results across countries with particularistic party bans which have been enforced, those with bans which have not been enforced and countries without a ban. The paper argues that particularistic party bans do not consistently accomplish their intended effects. However, it is clear that particularistic identities are not primordial and do indeed react to political forces. If particularistic party bans are executed with oppression, the results can be detrimental to reducing the salience of ethnicity. On the contrary, if particularistic party bans are enforced or employed in a fair-handed manner the effects may be beneficial to the consolidation of democracy in divided societies. More important are the political and social contexts of a nation which either reinforce non particularistic politics or undermine it. DA - 2010 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2010 T1 - Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans TI - Engineering the immobilization of ethnic parties in Sub-Saharan Africa : the enforcement and effect of particularistic party bans UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14606 ER - en_ZA


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