Negative attributions towards people with substance use disorders in South Africa: Variation across substances and by gender

 

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dc.contributor.author Sorsdahl, Katherine en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Stein, Dan en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Myers, Bronwyn en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-30T09:35:50Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-30T09:35:50Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Sorsdahl, K., Stein, D. J., & Myers, B. (2012). Negative attributions towards people with substance use disorders in South Africa: Variation across substances and by gender. BMC psychiatry, 12(1), 101. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14536
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-12-101
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND:Little research has examined attitudes towards people who use substances in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Therefore, the present study examined the attributions made by the general South African population about people who use substances and whether these attributions differ by the type of substance being used, the gender of the person using the substance, or the characteristics of the person making the attribution.METHOD:A convenience sample of 868 members of the general public was obtained through street-intercept methods. One of 8 vignettes portraying alcohol, cannabis, methamphetamine or heroin, with either a male or female as the protagonist was presented to each respondent. Respondents' attitudes towards the specific cases were investigated. RESULTS: Respondents held equally negative views of the presented substances, with the exception of the cannabis vignette which was considered significantly less "dangerous" than the alcohol vignette. Respondents were more likely to offer "help" to women who use alcohol, but more likely to suggest "coercion into treatment" for men. Individuals who scored higher on the ASSIST were more likely to hold negative attitudes towards substance users and black African respondents were more likely to offer help to individuals who use substances. CONCLUSION: The stigma associated with substance use in South Africa is high and not necessarily dependent on the drug of choice. However, a range of factors, including gender of the substance user, and ethnicity of the rater, may impact on stigma. Interventions designed to strengthen mental health literacy and gender-focused anti-stigma campaigns may have the potential to increase treatment seeking behaviour. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.publisher Biomed Central Ltd en_ZA
dc.rights This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License en_ZA
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 en_ZA
dc.source BMC Psychiatry en_ZA
dc.source.uri http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcpsychiatry/ en_ZA
dc.subject.other Alcohol en_ZA
dc.subject.other Drugs en_ZA
dc.subject.other Stigma en_ZA
dc.subject.other South Africa en_ZA
dc.subject.other Substance Abuse en_ZA
dc.title Negative attributions towards people with substance use disorders in South Africa: Variation across substances and by gender en_ZA
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.rights.holder 2012 Sorsdahl et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License