The role of IL-4Rá in Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-induced chronic lung pathology

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Brombacher, Frank en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Basich, Dinko en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-14T08:51:06Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-14T08:51:06Z
dc.date.issued 2010 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Basich, D. 2010. The role of IL-4Rá in Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-induced chronic lung pathology. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13437
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 108-126). en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Infection by the parasitic nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis involves migration through the lungs, causing significant damage and generating chronic lung pathology. The resolution of N. brasiliensis infection and also the induction of pulmonary pathology, including goblet cell hyperplasia and acute airway inflammation, depend on IL-4Rá signalling. A key feature of IL-4Rá signalling is the induction of a strong TH2 response which induces the development of alternatively activated macrophages (AAMs). AAMs are associated with tissue remodelling and the control of exacerbated inflammation. In order to investigate potential roles for IL-4Rá in N. brasiliensis' induced lung pathology, we infected mice deficient for IL-4Rá on macrophages and neutrophils (LysMCreIL-4Rá-/lox), IL-4Rá -/- and control mice (IL-4Rá-/lox) with N. brasiliensis and examined lung pathology at days 5, 42 and 180 post infection (p.i.).All three mice strains showed similar emphysemic-like pathology (alveolar dilatation) and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) which was well developed by day 42 p.i. and remained chronic. However, LysMCreIL-4Rá-/lox mice consistently demonstrated earlier and increased pulmonary inflammation when compared to IL-4Rá-/lox control mice and IL-4Rá-/- mice. Immunological studies at day 5 p.i. revealed that there were increased CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell numbers and increased CD4+ IL-4 and IL-13 production in the lungs of LysMCreIL-4Rá-/lox mice when compared to control and IL- 4Rá-/- mice. LysMCreIL-4Rá-/lox mice also showed decreased pulmonary arginase activity, indicative of a reduction of AAMs. RNA transcript analysis of isolated alveolar macrophages showed a strong association with promoting inflammation in LysMCreIL-4Rá-/lox mice. Together these data demonstrate that IL-4Rá-responsive macrophages control pulmonary inflammation and play an important protective role in the lung following N. brasiliensis infection. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Immunology en_ZA
dc.title The role of IL-4Rá in Nippostrongylus brasiliensis-induced chronic lung pathology en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname MSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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