Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Bourne, Susan A en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Ramon, Gaëlle en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Mehlana, Gift en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-03T08:35:27Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-03T08:35:27Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Mehlana, G. 2014. Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13360
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Crystal engineering of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) has developed rapidly over the years. This has been fuelled by useful properties endowed by these materials. MOFs present a unique platform to control chemical and physical properties through manipulation of the components that construct these materials. In this thesis a series of MOFs prepared from 3-(4-pyridyl)benzoate or 4-(4-pyridyl)benzoate with Co(ll), Zn(ll) and Ni(ll) are presented. Most materials were synthesised under solvothermal conditions. The link between the phenyl and pyridyl ring in the ligand allows for conformational change through varying the dihedral angles between these two parts. The carboxylate moiety can also rotate relative to the phenyl ring and its ability to assume different coordination modes under different environments is of utmost importance in achieving flexibility for the design. Structural elucidation of compounds was performed by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Topological analysis was performed on the networks formed by the compounds to have a better understanding of the network connectivity. Bulk material was characterised by thermal methods such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), variable temperature powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies and by hot stage microscopy (HSM). Thermochromic and solvatochromic properties of the activated phases were investigated by spectroscopic techniques. Dynamic motion of the networks upon guest loss and absorption by activated phases were evaluated by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies using Pawley fitting methods. Standard kinetic models were used to analyse the kinetics of guest uptake from isothermal experiments. Non-isothermal experiments were conducted using the TGA and the activation energies were determined for guest desolvation using the Ozawa and Flynn method. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Chemistry en_ZA
dc.title Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules en_ZA
dc.type Doctoral Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemistry en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Mehlana, G. (2014). <i>Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13360 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Mehlana, Gift. <i>"Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry, 2014. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13360 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Mehlana G. Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Chemistry, 2014 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13360 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Mehlana, Gift AB - Crystal engineering of metal organic frameworks (MOFs) has developed rapidly over the years. This has been fuelled by useful properties endowed by these materials. MOFs present a unique platform to control chemical and physical properties through manipulation of the components that construct these materials. In this thesis a series of MOFs prepared from 3-(4-pyridyl)benzoate or 4-(4-pyridyl)benzoate with Co(ll), Zn(ll) and Ni(ll) are presented. Most materials were synthesised under solvothermal conditions. The link between the phenyl and pyridyl ring in the ligand allows for conformational change through varying the dihedral angles between these two parts. The carboxylate moiety can also rotate relative to the phenyl ring and its ability to assume different coordination modes under different environments is of utmost importance in achieving flexibility for the design. Structural elucidation of compounds was performed by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Topological analysis was performed on the networks formed by the compounds to have a better understanding of the network connectivity. Bulk material was characterised by thermal methods such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), variable temperature powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) studies and by hot stage microscopy (HSM). Thermochromic and solvatochromic properties of the activated phases were investigated by spectroscopic techniques. Dynamic motion of the networks upon guest loss and absorption by activated phases were evaluated by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies using Pawley fitting methods. Standard kinetic models were used to analyse the kinetics of guest uptake from isothermal experiments. Non-isothermal experiments were conducted using the TGA and the activation energies were determined for guest desolvation using the Ozawa and Flynn method. DA - 2014 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2014 T1 - Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules TI - Crystal engineering of dynamic metal organic frameworks for applications in chromic sensing and capturing of small molecules UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13360 ER - en_ZA


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