On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills

 

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Mainza, Aubrey en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Donkor, Sarpong Bismark en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-01T08:56:33Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-01T08:56:33Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Donkor, S. 2014. On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13225
dc.description Includes bibliographical references. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Tumbling mills are still the mostly used milling device in the mineral processing industry for both coarse and fine grinding applications. A number of factors affect the performance of tumbling mill. One of these factors is volumetric filling which is the volume of charge in the mill expressed as a fraction of the total volume available. The volumetric filling controls the mill throughput, power draw and product size. The common method of measuring volumetric filling is by taking in situ measurements when the mill is stationary. This method is disruptive to production due to the mill downtime involved. The use of on-line sensors for measuring the volumetric filling using acoustic, inductive proximity and conductive sensors are the new technologies attempting to monitor volumetric filling in situ. The methods are non-intrusive and low cost approach for direct monitoring of dynamic volumetric filling conditions in the tumbling mill. The dynamic volumetric filling was assumed to be directly related to static mill filling conditions. In this study, the volumetric filling was calculated from the toe and shoulder angles estimated by the CSIRO monitor (acoustic) and the Magotteaux Sensomag (inductive proximity and conductive) sensors. The CSIRO acoustic sensor was installed on a run-of-mine (RoM) ball mill at Angloplatinum UG2 Concentrator at Rustenburg, South Africa. The toe and shoulder angles were obtained from the surface vibration caused by the impact of the charge on the mill shell. The industrial scale experiments were performed at varied mill feed rate at constant ball load of 28%. In the pilot scale experiments, the Magotteaux ball mill at Frank Concentrator was equipped with a Sensomag sensor for measuring the toe and shoulder angles of the slurry and ball load based on the principle of conductance and induction, respectively. The mill was configured to operate as a RoM ball mill. The experiments were conducted at varying mill speeds (75%-85% critical speed), feed rate (1200-2800kg/hr) and ball loads (15-26%). The static mill filling was determined from physical measurements after crash stopping the mill. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.title On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Eng) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Donkor, S. B. (2014). <i>On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13225 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Donkor, Sarpong Bismark. <i>"On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 2014. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13225 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Donkor SB. On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering, 2014 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13225 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Donkor, Sarpong Bismark AB - Tumbling mills are still the mostly used milling device in the mineral processing industry for both coarse and fine grinding applications. A number of factors affect the performance of tumbling mill. One of these factors is volumetric filling which is the volume of charge in the mill expressed as a fraction of the total volume available. The volumetric filling controls the mill throughput, power draw and product size. The common method of measuring volumetric filling is by taking in situ measurements when the mill is stationary. This method is disruptive to production due to the mill downtime involved. The use of on-line sensors for measuring the volumetric filling using acoustic, inductive proximity and conductive sensors are the new technologies attempting to monitor volumetric filling in situ. The methods are non-intrusive and low cost approach for direct monitoring of dynamic volumetric filling conditions in the tumbling mill. The dynamic volumetric filling was assumed to be directly related to static mill filling conditions. In this study, the volumetric filling was calculated from the toe and shoulder angles estimated by the CSIRO monitor (acoustic) and the Magotteaux Sensomag (inductive proximity and conductive) sensors. The CSIRO acoustic sensor was installed on a run-of-mine (RoM) ball mill at Angloplatinum UG2 Concentrator at Rustenburg, South Africa. The toe and shoulder angles were obtained from the surface vibration caused by the impact of the charge on the mill shell. The industrial scale experiments were performed at varied mill feed rate at constant ball load of 28%. In the pilot scale experiments, the Magotteaux ball mill at Frank Concentrator was equipped with a Sensomag sensor for measuring the toe and shoulder angles of the slurry and ball load based on the principle of conductance and induction, respectively. The mill was configured to operate as a RoM ball mill. The experiments were conducted at varying mill speeds (75%-85% critical speed), feed rate (1200-2800kg/hr) and ball loads (15-26%). The static mill filling was determined from physical measurements after crash stopping the mill. DA - 2014 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2014 T1 - On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills TI - On-line sensors for measuring the total ball and charge level in tumbling mills UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/13225 ER - en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record