The impact of political institutions and state capacity on antiretroviral drug coverage : a cross country analysis of determinants

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Nattrass, Nicoli en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Vilakazi, Thando en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-01-02T09:05:45Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-02T09:05:45Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Vilakazi, T. 2011. The impact of political institutions and state capacity on antiretroviral drug coverage : a cross country analysis of determinants. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/10962
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 68-74). en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Using a cross-sectional regression model, we answer two questions related to the determinants of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) coverage across 108 countries using 2006 and 2009 HAART data. The first asks how political institutions function to enable better HAART coverage outcomes; and the second asks whether countries with higher levels of state capacity tend to have higher levels of HAART coverage. We find weak statistical evidence that both democracies and authoritarian countries can achieve high levels of HAART coverage; cultural fractionalization has less of an effect on coverage than we expected; and centralized governments achieve higher treatment coverage outcomes. The effect of political institutions is muted when we control for state capacity and funding. We apply two broad measures of state capacity, namely tax revenue as a share of GDP and our own state capacity index developed using Principal Component Factor Analysis. We find evidence that high levels of state capacity are positively related to HAART coverage outcomes. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Applied Economics en_ZA
dc.title The impact of political institutions and state capacity on antiretroviral drug coverage : a cross country analysis of determinants en_ZA
dc.type Thesis / Dissertation en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Commerce en_ZA
dc.publisher.department School of Economics en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationname MCom en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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