Labour force withdrawal of the elderly in South Africa


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dc.creator Lam, David
dc.creator Leibbrandt, Murray
dc.creator Ranchhod, Vimal 2013-10-11T12:58:25Z 2013-10-11T12:58:25Z 2005-06 2015-05-28T10:06:28Z 2015-05-28T10:06:28Z 2015-05-28
dc.identifier 1-77011-050-X
dc.description This paper analyses labour market behaviour of the elderly in South Africa, focusing on the Black/African population group. The analysis uses data from the 2001 census and 1996 census, the Labour Force Surveys for September 2000 and 2001, and the Income and Expenditure Survey for 2000. Findings show that participation rates fall fairly rapidly after age 45, with particularly sharp declines in both participation and work at the age of eligibility for the old-age pension. Measures of unused productive capacity demonstrate that South Africa’s age profile of labour force withdrawal compares favourably with some OECD countries. The hazard rate indicates that the age of pension eligibility is associated with increased rates of retirement. The paper also examines major determinants of elderly labour supply, including household structure and marital status, public and private pensions and schooling and, finally, calculates probit regressions to gain a clearer picture of the variables affecting the work activity of the elderly.
dc.language en
dc.publisher CSSR and SALDRU
dc.relation CSSR/SALDRU Working Papers;118
dc.subject Labour force
dc.subject Elderly
dc.subject Employment
dc.subject Unemployment
dc.subject South Africa
dc.subject Census
dc.subject Race
dc.subject Labour force participation
dc.subject Pension
dc.subject Retirement
dc.subject Household structure
dc.subject Education
dc.subject Work
dc.title Labour force withdrawal of the elderly in South Africa
dc.type Working Paper
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Working Paper en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Commerce en_ZA
dc.publisher.department SALDRU en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper DA - 2015-05-28 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town KW - Labour force KW - Elderly KW - Employment KW - Unemployment KW - South Africa KW - Census KW - Race KW - Labour force participation KW - Pension KW - Retirement KW - Household structure KW - Education KW - Work LK - PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2015 T1 - Labour force withdrawal of the elderly in South Africa TI - Labour force withdrawal of the elderly in South Africa UR - ER - en_ZA

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