Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Tsoeu, Mohohlo Samuel en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor John, Lester en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Esmail, Mohammed en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2014-07-29T09:03:24Z
dc.date.available 2014-07-29T09:03:24Z
dc.date.issued 2012 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Esmail, M. 2012. Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3382
dc.description Includes abstract.
dc.description Includes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstract This dissertation investigates methods for improving the image quality of a digital radiography system. The Lodox Statscan™ X-ray system provides a full-body scanned image for initial diagnosis. The system is driven by a permanent magnet linear motor (PMLM) controlled by a cascaded proportional-proportional integral controller (P-PI). Transient errors in the trapezoidal motion profile of the scanning C-arm may cause mismatches between the detector and the collimated beams from the X-ray source. This results in a partial degradation of image quality. The Statscan™ X-ray system was investigated and the following constraints were identified: The scanning time is limited to 13 seconds and the maximum scan length is limited to 1.8 m. Since it was not possible to obtain the Lodox Statscan™ dynamics model, because of the similarity, a characteristic model was then developed using a DC motor in order to investigate the control dynamics. It is not advisable for a designer to manipulate the controllers on commercial machines except for changing the parameters for tuning. Therefore, a P-PI controller and a proportional-integral sliding mode controller (P-ISMC) as well as a Boundary Layer variant (P-ISMC+BD) were designed for fair comparison purposes. Root locus, Bode diagrams and integral sliding mode control methods, respectively, were used to design the P-PI and P-ISMC controller groups. Each controller consists of an inner loop and an outer position loop. Proportional integral (PI) and integral sliding mode controllers (ISMC) were used for the inner loop. The two inner loop controllers were tuned, and then tested, before cascading them with the outer position loop. The simulation and experiments were conducted to compare each controller’s performance on step set-point tracking, trapezoidal motion profile tracking, the time transient’s specifications and robustness against disturbances. In order to test image quality, 27 distance profiles were generated from P-PI, P-ISMC and P-ISMC+BD. In addition, four images captured by the Statscan™ were also selected. A time delay integrator (TDI) simulator was used on the distance profiles and the four images to generate 108 distorted image profiles. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Medicine en_ZA
dc.title Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Medicine en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Esmail, M. (2012). <i>Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Medicine. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3382 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Esmail, Mohammed. <i>"Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Medicine, 2012. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3382 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Esmail M. Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Medicine, 2012 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3382 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Esmail, Mohammed AB - This dissertation investigates methods for improving the image quality of a digital radiography system. The Lodox Statscan™ X-ray system provides a full-body scanned image for initial diagnosis. The system is driven by a permanent magnet linear motor (PMLM) controlled by a cascaded proportional-proportional integral controller (P-PI). Transient errors in the trapezoidal motion profile of the scanning C-arm may cause mismatches between the detector and the collimated beams from the X-ray source. This results in a partial degradation of image quality. The Statscan™ X-ray system was investigated and the following constraints were identified: The scanning time is limited to 13 seconds and the maximum scan length is limited to 1.8 m. Since it was not possible to obtain the Lodox Statscan™ dynamics model, because of the similarity, a characteristic model was then developed using a DC motor in order to investigate the control dynamics. It is not advisable for a designer to manipulate the controllers on commercial machines except for changing the parameters for tuning. Therefore, a P-PI controller and a proportional-integral sliding mode controller (P-ISMC) as well as a Boundary Layer variant (P-ISMC+BD) were designed for fair comparison purposes. Root locus, Bode diagrams and integral sliding mode control methods, respectively, were used to design the P-PI and P-ISMC controller groups. Each controller consists of an inner loop and an outer position loop. Proportional integral (PI) and integral sliding mode controllers (ISMC) were used for the inner loop. The two inner loop controllers were tuned, and then tested, before cascading them with the outer position loop. The simulation and experiments were conducted to compare each controller’s performance on step set-point tracking, trapezoidal motion profile tracking, the time transient’s specifications and robustness against disturbances. In order to test image quality, 27 distance profiles were generated from P-PI, P-ISMC and P-ISMC+BD. In addition, four images captured by the Statscan™ were also selected. A time delay integrator (TDI) simulator was used on the distance profiles and the four images to generate 108 distorted image profiles. DA - 2012 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2012 T1 - Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm TI - Towards improving the Statscan X-ray image quality through sliding mode control of the C-arm UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/3382 ER - en_ZA


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