Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study

 

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dc.contributor.author Mutabazi, Jean Claude
dc.contributor.author Gray, Corie
dc.contributor.author Muhwava, Lorrein
dc.contributor.author Trottier, Helen
dc.contributor.author Ware, Lisa J
dc.contributor.author Norris, Shane
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Katherine
dc.contributor.author Levitt, Naomi
dc.contributor.author Zarowsky, Christina
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T11:10:36Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T11:10:36Z
dc.date.issued 2020-06-26
dc.identifier.citation Mutabazi, J.C., Gray, C., Muhwava, L., Trottier, H., Ware, L.J., Norris, S., Murphy, K. & Levitt, N. et al. 2020. Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study. <i>BMC Health Services Research.</i> 20(1):582. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05381-5
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/11427/32089
dc.description.abstract Background Integrating Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes into routine health services under complex socio-political and health system conditions is a priority and a challenge. The successful rollout of PMTCT in sub-Saharan Africa has decreased Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), reduced child mortality and improved maternal health. In South Africa, PMTCT is now integrated into existing primary health care (PHC) services and this experience could serve as a relevant example for integrating other programmes into comprehensive primary care. This study explored the perspectives of both experts or key informants and frontline health workers (FHCWs) in South Africa on PMTCT integration into PHC in the context of post-AIDS denialism using a Complex Adaptive Systems framework. Methods A total of 20 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted; 10 with experts including national and international health systems and HIV/PMTCT policy makers and researchers, and 10 FHCWs including clinic managers, nurses and midwives. All interviews were conducted in person, audio-recorded and transcribed. Three investigators collaborated in coding transcripts and used an iterative approach for thematic analysis. Results Experts and FHCWs agreed on the importance of integrated PMTCT services. Experts reported a slow and partial integration of PMTCT programmes into PHC following its initial rollout as a stand-alone programme in the aftermath of the AIDS denialism period. Experts and FHCWs diverged on the challenges associated with integration of PMTCT. Experts highlighted bureaucracy, HIV stigma and discrimination and a shortage of training for staff as major barriers to PMTCT integration. In comparison, FHCWs emphasized high workloads, staff turnover and infrastructural issues (e.g., lack of rooms, small spaces) as their main challenges to integration. Both experts and FHCWs suggested that working with community health workers, particularly in the post-partum period, helped to address cases of loss to follow-up of women and their babies and to improve linkages to polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) testing and immunisation. Conclusions Despite organised efforts in South Africa, experts and FHCWs reported multiple barriers for the full integration of PMTCT in PHC, especially postpartum. The results suggest opportunities to address operational challenges towards more integrated PMTCT and other health services in order to improve maternal and child health. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en_US
dc.source BMC Health Services Research en_US
dc.source.uri https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/
dc.subject Integration en_US
dc.subject Health systems en_US
dc.subject Primary health care en_US
dc.subject Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV en_US
dc.subject PMTCT programme en_US
dc.subject PMTCT service en_US
dc.subject HIV prevention en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.title Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.date.updated 2020-06-28T04:28:55Z
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.rights.holder The Author(s)
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_US
dc.publisher.department Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology en_US
dc.source.journalvolume 20 en_US
dc.source.journalissue 1 en_US
dc.source.pagination 582 en_US
dc.identifier.apacitation Mutabazi, J. C., Gray, C., Muhwava, L., Trottier, H., Ware, L. J., Norris, S., ... Zarowsky, C. (2020). Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study. <i>BMC Health Services Research</i>, 20(1), 582. en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Mutabazi, Jean Claude, Corie Gray, Lorrein Muhwava, Helen Trottier, Lisa J Ware, Shane Norris, Katherine Murphy, Naomi Levitt, and Christina Zarowsky "Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study." <i>BMC Health Services Research</i> 20, 1. (2020): 582. en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Mutabazi JC, Gray C, Muhwava L, Trottier H, Ware LJ, Norris S, et al. Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research. 2020;20(1):582. . en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Journal Article AU - Mutabazi, Jean Claude AU - Gray, Corie AU - Muhwava, Lorrein AU - Trottier, Helen AU - Ware, Lisa J AU - Norris, Shane AU - Murphy, Katherine AU - Levitt, Naomi AU - Zarowsky, Christina AB - Background Integrating Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes into routine health services under complex socio-political and health system conditions is a priority and a challenge. The successful rollout of PMTCT in sub-Saharan Africa has decreased Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), reduced child mortality and improved maternal health. In South Africa, PMTCT is now integrated into existing primary health care (PHC) services and this experience could serve as a relevant example for integrating other programmes into comprehensive primary care. This study explored the perspectives of both experts or key informants and frontline health workers (FHCWs) in South Africa on PMTCT integration into PHC in the context of post-AIDS denialism using a Complex Adaptive Systems framework. Methods A total of 20 in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted; 10 with experts including national and international health systems and HIV/PMTCT policy makers and researchers, and 10 FHCWs including clinic managers, nurses and midwives. All interviews were conducted in person, audio-recorded and transcribed. Three investigators collaborated in coding transcripts and used an iterative approach for thematic analysis. Results Experts and FHCWs agreed on the importance of integrated PMTCT services. Experts reported a slow and partial integration of PMTCT programmes into PHC following its initial rollout as a stand-alone programme in the aftermath of the AIDS denialism period. Experts and FHCWs diverged on the challenges associated with integration of PMTCT. Experts highlighted bureaucracy, HIV stigma and discrimination and a shortage of training for staff as major barriers to PMTCT integration. In comparison, FHCWs emphasized high workloads, staff turnover and infrastructural issues (e.g., lack of rooms, small spaces) as their main challenges to integration. Both experts and FHCWs suggested that working with community health workers, particularly in the post-partum period, helped to address cases of loss to follow-up of women and their babies and to improve linkages to polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) testing and immunisation. Conclusions Despite organised efforts in South Africa, experts and FHCWs reported multiple barriers for the full integration of PMTCT in PHC, especially postpartum. The results suggest opportunities to address operational challenges towards more integrated PMTCT and other health services in order to improve maternal and child health. DA - 2020-06-26 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town IS - 1 J1 - BMC Health Services Research KW - Integration KW - Health systems KW - Primary health care KW - Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV KW - PMTCT programme KW - PMTCT service KW - HIV prevention KW - South Africa LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PY - 2020 T1 - Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study TI - Integrating the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV into primary healthcare services after AIDS denialism in South Africa: perspectives of experts and health care workers - a qualitative study UR - ER - en_ZA


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