Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey

 

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dc.contributor.author Cassidy, Tali
dc.contributor.author Lloyd, Sam
dc.contributor.author Bowman, Brett
dc.contributor.author Myers, J E
dc.contributor.author Parry, Charles
dc.contributor.author Makanga, Tatenda
dc.contributor.author Corrigall, Joanne
dc.contributor.author Thompson, Mary Lou
dc.contributor.author Matzopoulos, Richard
dc.coverage.spatial Khayelitsha, Gugulethu, Nyanga en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-29T08:47:49Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-29T08:47:49Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04-20
dc.identifier.citation Cassidy T, Lloyd S, Bowman B, Myers J, Parry C, Makanga PT, Corrigall J, Thompson ML, Matzopoulos R. Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey. UCT Working Paper. 2018 en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/28271
dc.description.abstract Introduction This paper summarises key findings from the first of three household surveys conducted in three high-violence areas in the Cape Town, investigating community members’ experiences of alcohol use, their built environment, violence and symptoms of depression, together with their views on alcohol and other interventions. Methods A stratified random sample of 1500 dwellings, 1200 in Khayelitsha and 300 in Gugulethu and Nyanga (“Gunya”) was selected using GIS address data for formal areas and aerial photography for informal areas. Fieldwork took place from July to November 2013. Responses to questions were summarized by area, gender, age and formal vs. informal settlement type. Results After substitution and data cleaning, 1213 Khayelitsha households and 286 Gunya households were included. In Gunya, 29% of respondents reported that they or their family members had been affected by at least one violent crime (murder, assault, domestic violence, rape) in the past year, compared with 12% in Khayelitsha. Using a CES-D-10 cut-off of 10, 44% of respondents were classified as depressed. More than half the respondents reported having experienced some form of alcohol nuisance. Respondents were supportive of alcohol interventions such as increased taxes and police regulation of outlets, particularly in Gunya (87%) and amongst female respondents (76%). Satisfaction with infrastructure such as street lighting and drainage was generally low. Conclusions The results describe the co-occurring burdens of alcohol and drug use, violence, depression and deprivation in our study populations. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.other violence
dc.subject.other alcohol
dc.subject.other depression
dc.title Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey en_ZA
dc.type Working Paper en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Working paper en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Public Health and Family Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Interactive Resource
dc.identifier.apacitation Cassidy, T., Lloyd, S., Bowman, B., Myers, J. E., Parry, C., Makanga, T., ... Matzopoulos, R. (2018). <i>Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey</i> University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Public Health and Family Medicine. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/28271 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Cassidy, Tali, Sam Lloyd, Brett Bowman, J E Myers, Charles Parry, Tatenda Makanga, Joanne Corrigall, Mary Lou Thompson, and Richard Matzopoulos <i>Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey.</i> University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/28271 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Cassidy T, Lloyd S, Bowman B, Myers JE, Parry C, Makanga T, et al. Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey. 2018 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/28271 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Working Paper AU - Cassidy, Tali AU - Lloyd, Sam AU - Bowman, Brett AU - Myers, J E AU - Parry, Charles AU - Makanga, Tatenda AU - Corrigall, Joanne AU - Thompson, Mary Lou AU - Matzopoulos, Richard AB - Introduction This paper summarises key findings from the first of three household surveys conducted in three high-violence areas in the Cape Town, investigating community members’ experiences of alcohol use, their built environment, violence and symptoms of depression, together with their views on alcohol and other interventions. Methods A stratified random sample of 1500 dwellings, 1200 in Khayelitsha and 300 in Gugulethu and Nyanga (“Gunya”) was selected using GIS address data for formal areas and aerial photography for informal areas. Fieldwork took place from July to November 2013. Responses to questions were summarized by area, gender, age and formal vs. informal settlement type. Results After substitution and data cleaning, 1213 Khayelitsha households and 286 Gunya households were included. In Gunya, 29% of respondents reported that they or their family members had been affected by at least one violent crime (murder, assault, domestic violence, rape) in the past year, compared with 12% in Khayelitsha. Using a CES-D-10 cut-off of 10, 44% of respondents were classified as depressed. More than half the respondents reported having experienced some form of alcohol nuisance. Respondents were supportive of alcohol interventions such as increased taxes and police regulation of outlets, particularly in Gunya (87%) and amongst female respondents (76%). Satisfaction with infrastructure such as street lighting and drainage was generally low. Conclusions The results describe the co-occurring burdens of alcohol and drug use, violence, depression and deprivation in our study populations. DA - 2018-04-20 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2018 T1 - Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey TI - Violence, alcohol and symptoms of depression and in Cape Town's poorest communities: results of a community survey UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/28271 ER - en_ZA


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