Withdrawal of parenteral phenobarbitone - implications for resource-poor countries

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dc.contributor.author Wilmshurst, J M
dc.contributor.author Van Toorn, Ronald
dc.contributor.author Newton, C R J C
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-13T08:49:35Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-13T08:49:35Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Wilmshurst, J. M., Van Toorn, R., & Newton, C. R. J. C. (2005). Withdrawal of parenteral phenobarbitone-implications for resource-poor countries: original article. South African Medical Journal, 95(6), p-422.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/27641
dc.description.abstract Parenteral phenobarbitone is an integral part of the management of status epilepticus, especially in the context of resource-poor countries. It is highly effective at controlling seizures. It is safe, cheap, can be given by rapid intravenous push or intramuscular route, boluses can be repeated, and it is recommended as part of the Advanced Paediatric Life Support guidelines. The proposed alternatives lack efficacy, practicality and/or place the child in status epilepticus at risk of respiratory compromise. The impact of the loss of parenteral phenobarbitone would be increased cardiac complications, lack of early seizure control, prolonged seizures resulting in brain damage and systemic complications. Increased numbers of patients will require artificial ventilation in centres without facilities, and centres with facilities will be unable to cope with the load of ventilated patients because of lack of safe transport systems and bed space.
dc.source South African Medical Journal
dc.source.uri http://www.samj.org.za
dc.subject.other Parenteral phenobarbitone
dc.subject.other Withdrawal Resource-poor countries
dc.subject.other Implications
dc.title Withdrawal of parenteral phenobarbitone - implications for resource-poor countries
dc.type Journal Article
dc.date.updated 2016-01-16T06:40:47Z
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Health Sciences
dc.publisher.department Child and Adolescent Health
uct.type.filetype Text


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