Obesity and overweight in South African primary school children - the Health of the Nation Study

 

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dc.contributor.author Armstrong, M E G
dc.contributor.author Lambert, M I
dc.contributor.author Sharwood, K A
dc.contributor.author Lambert, E V
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-18T07:13:15Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-18T07:13:15Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.1131
dc.identifier.citation Armstrong, M., Lambert, M., Sharwood, K., & Lambert, E. (2008). Obesity and overweight in South African primary school children - the health of the Nation study. South African Medical Journal, 96(5), 439.
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/24353
dc.description.abstract Objectives. To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of South African children aged 6 - 13 years. Design. Random sampling of schools within each provincial and socio-economic category. Setting. Primary school children from 5 South African provinces. Subjects. 10 195 (5 611 male and 4 584 female) primary school children. Outcome measure. Height and weight were measured and body mass index (BMI) (weight (kg)/height (m)2 ) was calculated for each grouping (age x gender x ethnic group). Cut-off points for BMI defining obese and overweight for gender and age (6 - 13 years) were calculated in accordance with international standards. Results. There were significant differences in height and mass between the different ethnic groups and genders. This trend was not evident for the BMI values. The prevalence of obesity within the sample was 3.2% for boys and 4.9% for girls, whereas overweight prevalence was 14.0% for boys and 17.9% for girls. When the contribution of each ethnic group was adjusted to the demographics of South Africa these values were only slightly different. The prevalence of obesity and overweight among boys was 2.4% and 10.9% respectively, while obese and overweight girls comprised 4.8% and 17.5%, respectively. Conclusions. South African children show trends of obesity and overweight, similar to values in developed countries about 10 years ago. Intervention strategies to combat an increasingly sedentary lifestyle may need to be developed for the South African context.
dc.source South African Medical Journal
dc.source.uri http://www.samj.org.za/index.php/samj
dc.subject.other South Africa
dc.subject.other Prevalence
dc.subject.other Children
dc.subject.other Obesity
dc.subject.other Overweight
dc.title Obesity and overweight in South African primary school children - the Health of the Nation Study
dc.type Journal Article en_ZA
dc.date.updated 2016-01-08T08:36:52Z
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Article en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department MRC/UCT RU for Exercise and Sport Medicine en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image


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