3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting

 

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Mutsvangwa, Tinashe E M en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Douglas, Tania S en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Wasswa, William en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-31T09:15:53Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-31T09:15:53Z
dc.date.issued 2016 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Wasswa, W. 2016. 3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23777
dc.description.abstract Two-dimensional X-ray imaging is the dominant imaging modality in low-resource countries despite the existence of three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities. This is because fewer hospitals in low-resource countries can afford the 3D imaging systems as their acquisition and operation costs are higher. However, 3D images are desirable in a range of clinical applications, for example surgical planning. The aim of this research was to develop a tool for 3D approximation of scapula bone from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting. First, X-ray stereophotogrammetry was used to reconstruct the 3D coordinates of points located on 2D X-ray images of the scapula, acquired from two perspectives. A suitable calibration frame was used to map the image coordinates to their corresponding 3D realworld coordinates. The 3D point localization yielded average errors of (0.14, 0.07, 0.04) mm in the X, Y and Z coordinates respectively, and an absolute reconstruction error of 0.19 mm. The second phase assessed the reproducibility of the scapula landmarks reported by Ohl et al. (2010) and Borotikar et al. (2015). Only three (the inferior angle, acromion and the coracoid process) of the eight reproducible landmarks considered were selected as these were identifiable from the two different perspectives required for X-ray stereophotogrammetry in this project. For the last phase, an approximation of a scapula was produced with the aid of a statistical shape model (SSM) built from a training dataset of 84 CT scapulae. This involved constraining an SSM to the 3D reconstructed coordinates of the selected reproducible landmarks from 2D X-ray images. Comparison of the approximate model with a CT-derived ground truth 3D segmented volume resulted in surface-to-surface average distances of 4.28 mm and 3.20 mm, using three and sixteen landmarks respectively. Hence, increasing the number of landmarks produces a posterior model that makes better predictions of patientspecific reconstructions. An average Euclidean distance of 1.35 mm was obtained between the three selected landmarks on the approximation and the corresponding landmarks on the CT image. Conversely, a Euclidean distance of 5.99 mm was obtained between the three selected landmarks on the original SSM and corresponding landmarks on the CT image. The Euclidean distances confirm that a posterior model moves closer to the CT image, hence it reduces the search space for a more exact patient-specific 3D reconstruction by other fitting algorithms. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Biomedical Engineering en_ZA
dc.title 3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting en_ZA
dc.type Masters Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Health Sciences en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Division of Biomedical Engineering en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc (Med) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Wasswa, W. (2016). <i>3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Division of Biomedical Engineering. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23777 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Wasswa, William. <i>"3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Division of Biomedical Engineering, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23777 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Wasswa W. 3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Health Sciences ,Division of Biomedical Engineering, 2016 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23777 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Wasswa, William AB - Two-dimensional X-ray imaging is the dominant imaging modality in low-resource countries despite the existence of three-dimensional (3D) imaging modalities. This is because fewer hospitals in low-resource countries can afford the 3D imaging systems as their acquisition and operation costs are higher. However, 3D images are desirable in a range of clinical applications, for example surgical planning. The aim of this research was to develop a tool for 3D approximation of scapula bone from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting. First, X-ray stereophotogrammetry was used to reconstruct the 3D coordinates of points located on 2D X-ray images of the scapula, acquired from two perspectives. A suitable calibration frame was used to map the image coordinates to their corresponding 3D realworld coordinates. The 3D point localization yielded average errors of (0.14, 0.07, 0.04) mm in the X, Y and Z coordinates respectively, and an absolute reconstruction error of 0.19 mm. The second phase assessed the reproducibility of the scapula landmarks reported by Ohl et al. (2010) and Borotikar et al. (2015). Only three (the inferior angle, acromion and the coracoid process) of the eight reproducible landmarks considered were selected as these were identifiable from the two different perspectives required for X-ray stereophotogrammetry in this project. For the last phase, an approximation of a scapula was produced with the aid of a statistical shape model (SSM) built from a training dataset of 84 CT scapulae. This involved constraining an SSM to the 3D reconstructed coordinates of the selected reproducible landmarks from 2D X-ray images. Comparison of the approximate model with a CT-derived ground truth 3D segmented volume resulted in surface-to-surface average distances of 4.28 mm and 3.20 mm, using three and sixteen landmarks respectively. Hence, increasing the number of landmarks produces a posterior model that makes better predictions of patientspecific reconstructions. An average Euclidean distance of 1.35 mm was obtained between the three selected landmarks on the approximation and the corresponding landmarks on the CT image. Conversely, a Euclidean distance of 5.99 mm was obtained between the three selected landmarks on the original SSM and corresponding landmarks on the CT image. The Euclidean distances confirm that a posterior model moves closer to the CT image, hence it reduces the search space for a more exact patient-specific 3D reconstruction by other fitting algorithms. DA - 2016 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2016 T1 - 3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting TI - 3D approximation of scapula bone shape from 2D X-ray images using landmark-constrained statistical shape model fitting UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/23777 ER - en_ZA


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record