Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Qhobela, Molapo en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Thomson, Jennifer Ann en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Adams, Craig Hadley en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-17T12:41:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-17T12:41:00Z
dc.date.issued 1999 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Adams, C. 1999. Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17945
dc.description Bibliography: pages 148-171. en_ZA
dc.description.abstract Bacteria are constantly faced with harsh environmental conditions to which they have to adapt. These adaptive mechanism generally involve the use of two-component sensory systems, comprising of sensor proteins interacting with their cognate response regulator proteins. To survive fluctuating environments such as osmotic conditions, certain bacterial species employ the ompR-envZ (ompB) two-component system to monitor and respond to the osmotic cue. The EnvZ protein functions as the sensor and relays information regarding changes to the external environment, to the response regulator, OmpR. OmpR, in turn, regulates the porins, OmpF and OmpC in a reciprocal manner, so that one porin predominates over the other, depending on osmotic conditions. Erwinia chrysanthemi, which causes "soft rot" in a wide range of economically important crops, has been demonstrated to contain porin-like proteins similar to OmpF and OmpC. The expression of these porins was regulated in a similar manner to OmpF and OmpC with respect to medium osmolarity. Furthermore, preliminary studies have shown that changes in osmolarity affect the expression of pathogenecity genes. Evidence for an osmoregulatory system analagous to the ompB system of Escherichia coli was, therefore, sought. Primers specific for conserved regions in ompR were designed and used to PCR amplify a 631 bp fragment from E. coli. This fragment was cloned into the vector, pBluescriptSk, and end-sequenced to confirm its authenticity. The same strategy was followed, using envZ-specific primers to generate an E. coli envZ clone. Southern hybridisation analyses, using an ompR probe, confirmed the presence of an ompR homologue in E. chrysanthemi. An E. chrysanthemi genomic library was thus constructed and screened and a clone homologous to the ompR probe was isolated. The resulting plasmid, pRZ69, was partially characterised and determined to have both envZ and ompR homologues resident. Southern hybridisation analyses were employed to localise the ompR and envZ genes on the plasmid. A 1200 bp EcoRV-Pst1 fragment containing the ompR homologue and a 2000 bp EcoRV-EcoRV fragment containing the envZ homologue, were subcloned into pBluescriptSk, generating the plasmids, pRS1 and pZS2 respectively. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Molecular and Cell Biology en_ZA
dc.title Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi en_ZA
dc.type Master Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Molecular and Cell Biology en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Masters
dc.type.qualificationname MSc en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Adams, C. H. (1999). <i>Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17945 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Adams, Craig Hadley. <i>"Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, 1999. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17945 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Adams CH. Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, 1999 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17945 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Adams, Craig Hadley AB - Bacteria are constantly faced with harsh environmental conditions to which they have to adapt. These adaptive mechanism generally involve the use of two-component sensory systems, comprising of sensor proteins interacting with their cognate response regulator proteins. To survive fluctuating environments such as osmotic conditions, certain bacterial species employ the ompR-envZ (ompB) two-component system to monitor and respond to the osmotic cue. The EnvZ protein functions as the sensor and relays information regarding changes to the external environment, to the response regulator, OmpR. OmpR, in turn, regulates the porins, OmpF and OmpC in a reciprocal manner, so that one porin predominates over the other, depending on osmotic conditions. Erwinia chrysanthemi, which causes "soft rot" in a wide range of economically important crops, has been demonstrated to contain porin-like proteins similar to OmpF and OmpC. The expression of these porins was regulated in a similar manner to OmpF and OmpC with respect to medium osmolarity. Furthermore, preliminary studies have shown that changes in osmolarity affect the expression of pathogenecity genes. Evidence for an osmoregulatory system analagous to the ompB system of Escherichia coli was, therefore, sought. Primers specific for conserved regions in ompR were designed and used to PCR amplify a 631 bp fragment from E. coli. This fragment was cloned into the vector, pBluescriptSk, and end-sequenced to confirm its authenticity. The same strategy was followed, using envZ-specific primers to generate an E. coli envZ clone. Southern hybridisation analyses, using an ompR probe, confirmed the presence of an ompR homologue in E. chrysanthemi. An E. chrysanthemi genomic library was thus constructed and screened and a clone homologous to the ompR probe was isolated. The resulting plasmid, pRZ69, was partially characterised and determined to have both envZ and ompR homologues resident. Southern hybridisation analyses were employed to localise the ompR and envZ genes on the plasmid. A 1200 bp EcoRV-Pst1 fragment containing the ompR homologue and a 2000 bp EcoRV-EcoRV fragment containing the envZ homologue, were subcloned into pBluescriptSk, generating the plasmids, pRS1 and pZS2 respectively. DA - 1999 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 1999 T1 - Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi TI - Elucidation of the osmoregulatory locus, ompRZ, in Erwinia chrysanthemi UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/17945 ER - en_ZA


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