Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla

 

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dc.contributor.advisor Bolton, John J en_ZA
dc.contributor.advisor Macey, Brett en_ZA
dc.contributor.author Bowker, Jenna en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-25T07:44:33Z
dc.date.available 2015-09-25T07:44:33Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_ZA
dc.identifier.citation Bowker, J. 2013. Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla. University of Cape Town. en_ZA
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14098
dc.description.abstract Interest in commercial sea urchin aquaculture is growing worldwide. This is because sea urchins have good quality roe which is a delicacy in many countries. Since the quality of sea urchin roe is dependent on what the sea urchin eats, increased research is being carried out to understand sea urchin feeding preferences. Feeding preference is related to the attractiveness/palatability of the feed, which is thought to be based on its chemical composition. Since an unpalatable feed will result in the poor quality of the organism, evaluating the palatability of sea urchin artificial feeds is important. In South Africa, the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla has been selected for aquaculture due to its fast growth and high quality roe. Although it is a generalist herbivore, various studies have shown that T. gratilla has a significant preference for the macroalgae Ulva. The purpose of this study is to assess what chemicals contained in Ulva cause this preference. Chemosensory trials involving Ulva and its chemical constituents, as well as wounded Ulva and an artificial feed, were carried out using a Y-shaped maze. Results indicate that T. gratilla are not deterred by DMS or acrylic acid as literature suggests. Since previous studies showed that these two chemicals deter urchins, this study demonstrates that there are species-specific relationships to chemicals found in algal material. Results also indicate that T. gratilla are deterred by wounded Ulva, ulvan and ethanol, but cannot differentiate between these constituents when the constituents are compared against each other or ethanolic extract, fresh Ulva and feed. Since the sea urchins are not consistently deterred by wounded Ulva, ulvan and ethanol when compared with other constituents, this indicates that T. gratilla are not very selective in what they are attracted to or deterred from. en_ZA
dc.language.iso eng en_ZA
dc.subject.other Biological Sciences en_ZA
dc.title Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla en_ZA
dc.type Bachelor Thesis
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Thesis en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Science en_ZA
dc.publisher.department Department of Biological Sciences en_ZA
dc.type.qualificationlevel Honours
dc.type.qualificationname BSc (Hons) en_ZA
uct.type.filetype Text
uct.type.filetype Image
dc.identifier.apacitation Bowker, J. (2013). <i>Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla</i>. (Thesis). University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14098 en_ZA
dc.identifier.chicagocitation Bowker, Jenna. <i>"Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla."</i> Thesis., University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14098 en_ZA
dc.identifier.vancouvercitation Bowker J. Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla. [Thesis]. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Science ,Department of Biological Sciences, 2013 [cited yyyy month dd]. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14098 en_ZA
dc.identifier.ris TY - Thesis / Dissertation AU - Bowker, Jenna AB - Interest in commercial sea urchin aquaculture is growing worldwide. This is because sea urchins have good quality roe which is a delicacy in many countries. Since the quality of sea urchin roe is dependent on what the sea urchin eats, increased research is being carried out to understand sea urchin feeding preferences. Feeding preference is related to the attractiveness/palatability of the feed, which is thought to be based on its chemical composition. Since an unpalatable feed will result in the poor quality of the organism, evaluating the palatability of sea urchin artificial feeds is important. In South Africa, the sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla has been selected for aquaculture due to its fast growth and high quality roe. Although it is a generalist herbivore, various studies have shown that T. gratilla has a significant preference for the macroalgae Ulva. The purpose of this study is to assess what chemicals contained in Ulva cause this preference. Chemosensory trials involving Ulva and its chemical constituents, as well as wounded Ulva and an artificial feed, were carried out using a Y-shaped maze. Results indicate that T. gratilla are not deterred by DMS or acrylic acid as literature suggests. Since previous studies showed that these two chemicals deter urchins, this study demonstrates that there are species-specific relationships to chemicals found in algal material. Results also indicate that T. gratilla are deterred by wounded Ulva, ulvan and ethanol, but cannot differentiate between these constituents when the constituents are compared against each other or ethanolic extract, fresh Ulva and feed. Since the sea urchins are not consistently deterred by wounded Ulva, ulvan and ethanol when compared with other constituents, this indicates that T. gratilla are not very selective in what they are attracted to or deterred from. DA - 2013 DB - OpenUCT DP - University of Cape Town LK - https://open.uct.ac.za PB - University of Cape Town PY - 2013 T1 - Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla TI - Attractant properties of chemical constituents of the green macroalga Ulva and their response effects on the commercially important sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla UR - http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14098 ER - en_ZA


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