Changes in education, employment and earnings in South Africa: A cohort analysis


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dc.creator Branson, Nicola
dc.creator Ardington, Cally
dc.creator Lam, David
dc.creator Leibbrandt, Murray 2013-08-22T14:45:13Z 2013-08-22T14:45:13Z 2013-08 2015-05-28T10:06:22Z 2015-05-28T10:06:22Z 2015-05-28
dc.identifier 978-1-920517-46-5
dc.description Rapid increases in educational attainment and the massification of secondary education in South Africa resulted in substantial differences in the supply and quality of educated workers across generations. This paper describes changes in the distribution of education across birth cohorts and how these relate to changes in the probability of employment, the distribution of earnings and the earnings premiums to complete secondary and tertiary education. Tracking cohorts over time allows us to disentangle generational and life-cycle components of these changes. Younger cohorts are shown to have increasingly faced worse labour market conditions than their predecessors, although this may be changing for cohorts born after 1980. Furthermore, the relative reward to complete secondary and tertiary education has remained positive, and increased for tertiary educated cohorts born since the 1960s. Increases in earnings inequality among those with complete secondary education suggests increased variance in education quality during the period when completed secondary education expanded rapidly.
dc.description Ardington, Branson, Lam and Leibbrandt acknowledge funding for this paper from the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Supporting Inclusive Growth Programme. Ardington, Branson and Leibbrandt acknowledge support for this work from the National Research Foundation (NRF) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) Human and Social Dynamics in Development Grand Challenge. Leibbrandt acknowledges the Research Chairs Initiative of the NRF and DST for funding his work.
dc.language en
dc.relation Working Paper;105
dc.subject Educational attainment
dc.subject Earnings
dc.subject Employment
dc.subject South Africa
dc.subject Cohort analysis
dc.title Changes in education, employment and earnings in South Africa: A cohort analysis
dc.type Working Paper en_ZA
uct.type.publication Research en_ZA
uct.type.resource Working Paper en_ZA
dc.publisher.institution University of Cape Town
dc.publisher.faculty Faculty of Commerce en_ZA
dc.publisher.department SALDRU en_ZA

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